Current views of retrotransposons possessing long terminal repeats (LTRs) are described. The existing classification and element types isolated by genome organization are considered. Experimental data are summarized to demonstrate that the replicative cycle of a retrotransposon is not restricted to a single cell and that LTR retrotransposons are transferred between somatic cells with a rate comparable with the element transposition rate within the genome of one cell. The major mechanisms mediating the role of LTR retrotransposons in reorganization of the genome are considered with regard to the strategies of their horizontal and vertical transfer.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: May 10, 2005
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