Divalent Cation Effects on the Shaker K Channel Suggest a Pentapeptide Sequence as Determinant of Functional Surface Charge Density

Divalent Cation Effects on the Shaker K Channel Suggest a Pentapeptide Sequence as Determinant of... The effects of the divalent cations strontium and magnesium on Shaker K channels expressed in Xenopus oocytes were investigated with a two-electrode voltage-clamp technique. 20 mm of the divalent cation shifted activation (conductance vs. potential), steady-state inactivation and inactivation time constant vs. potential curves 10–11 mV along the potential axis. The results were interpreted in terms of the surface charge theory, and the surface charge density was estimated to be −0.27 e nm−2. A comparison of primary structure data and experimental data from the present and previous studies suggests that the first five residues on the extracellular loop between transmembrane segment 5 and the pore region constitutes the functional surface charges. The results further suggest that the surface charge density plays an important role in controlling the activation voltage range. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Divalent Cation Effects on the Shaker K Channel Suggest a Pentapeptide Sequence as Determinant of Functional Surface Charge Density

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © Inc. by 1998 Springer-Verlag New York
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s002329900432
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The effects of the divalent cations strontium and magnesium on Shaker K channels expressed in Xenopus oocytes were investigated with a two-electrode voltage-clamp technique. 20 mm of the divalent cation shifted activation (conductance vs. potential), steady-state inactivation and inactivation time constant vs. potential curves 10–11 mV along the potential axis. The results were interpreted in terms of the surface charge theory, and the surface charge density was estimated to be −0.27 e nm−2. A comparison of primary structure data and experimental data from the present and previous studies suggests that the first five residues on the extracellular loop between transmembrane segment 5 and the pore region constitutes the functional surface charges. The results further suggest that the surface charge density plays an important role in controlling the activation voltage range.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Sep 15, 1998

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