Disturbed cervical proprioception affects perception of spatial orientation while in motion

Disturbed cervical proprioception affects perception of spatial orientation while in motion The proprioceptive, visual and vestibular sensory systems interact to maintain dynamic stability during movement. The relative importance and interplay between these sensory systems is still not fully understood. Increased knowledge about spatial perception and postural orientation would provide better understanding of balance disorders, and their rehabilitation. Displacement of the body in space was recorded in 16 healthy subjects performing a sequence of stepping-in-place tests without any visual or auditory cues. Spatial displacement and orientation in space were determined by calculating two parameters, “Moved distance (sagittal + lateral displacement)” and “Rotation”. During the stepping-in-place tests vibration were applied in a randomized order on four different cervical muscles, and the effects were compared between muscles and to a non-vibration baseline condition. During the tests a forward displacement (“Moved distance”) was found to be the normal behavior, with various degrees of longitudinal rotation (“Rotation”). The moved distance was significantly larger when the vibration was applied on the dorsal muscles (916 mm) relative to on ventral muscles (715 mm) (p = 0.003) and the rate of displacement was significantly larger for dorsal muscles (36.5 mm/s) relative to ventral (28.7 mm/s) vs (p = 0.002). When vibration was applied on the left-sided muscles, 16° rotation to the right was induced (p = 0.005), whereas no significant rotation direction was induced with right-sided vibration (3°). The rate of rotation was significantly larger for vibration applied on ventral muscles (0.44°/s) relative to on dorsal (0.33°/s) (p = 0.019). The results highlight the influence of cervical proprioception on the internal spatial orientation, and subsequent for postural control. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Experimental Brain Research Springer Journals

Disturbed cervical proprioception affects perception of spatial orientation while in motion

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/disturbed-cervical-proprioception-affects-perception-of-spatial-D0Jn7YiQXF
Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by The Author(s)
Subject
Biomedicine; Neurosciences; Neurology
ISSN
0014-4819
eISSN
1432-1106
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00221-017-4993-5
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The proprioceptive, visual and vestibular sensory systems interact to maintain dynamic stability during movement. The relative importance and interplay between these sensory systems is still not fully understood. Increased knowledge about spatial perception and postural orientation would provide better understanding of balance disorders, and their rehabilitation. Displacement of the body in space was recorded in 16 healthy subjects performing a sequence of stepping-in-place tests without any visual or auditory cues. Spatial displacement and orientation in space were determined by calculating two parameters, “Moved distance (sagittal + lateral displacement)” and “Rotation”. During the stepping-in-place tests vibration were applied in a randomized order on four different cervical muscles, and the effects were compared between muscles and to a non-vibration baseline condition. During the tests a forward displacement (“Moved distance”) was found to be the normal behavior, with various degrees of longitudinal rotation (“Rotation”). The moved distance was significantly larger when the vibration was applied on the dorsal muscles (916 mm) relative to on ventral muscles (715 mm) (p = 0.003) and the rate of displacement was significantly larger for dorsal muscles (36.5 mm/s) relative to ventral (28.7 mm/s) vs (p = 0.002). When vibration was applied on the left-sided muscles, 16° rotation to the right was induced (p = 0.005), whereas no significant rotation direction was induced with right-sided vibration (3°). The rate of rotation was significantly larger for vibration applied on ventral muscles (0.44°/s) relative to on dorsal (0.33°/s) (p = 0.019). The results highlight the influence of cervical proprioception on the internal spatial orientation, and subsequent for postural control.

Journal

Experimental Brain ResearchSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 17, 2017

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off