The pattern of distribution of X-FAs among individual positional species of the X-triacylglycerols (X-TAGs) in the sea buckthorn (Hippophaë rhamnoides L.) mesocarp oil by the 80th, 90th, and 105th day after pollination (DAP) was investigated. The X-FAs comprised oleic acid (O) as well as unusual FAs, viz. hexadecenoic (H), palmitolinoleic (Pl), and cis-vaccenic acid (V). During mesocarp growth, the number of X-TAG species decreased dramatically as a result of their metabolism, but their proportion in the total TAGs remained constant. H-TAGs predominating in the oil were similar to total TAGs in their composition and the pattern of their dynamics during maturation. As regards minor Pl-TAGs, there was a tendency for an increase in the level of species including palmitolinoleic acid in the middle (sn-2) position of their molecules. Throughout the entire process of fruit maturation, oleic acid was by 98.0–98.8% concentrated in the sn-2 position of O-TAGs. At the same time, cis-vaccenic acid, a Δ11-positional isomer of oleic acid, was predominantly incorporated in the side positions of V-TAGs, and its 98.1% concentration in these positions was achieved only by the 105th DAP. A virtually absolute selectivity of the distribution of oleic and cis-vaccenic acids in TAGs was found here for the first time. Discussed are the possible physicochemical and biochemical factors of a highly selective incorporation of these FAs in the sea buckthorn TAGs, the pathways of enzymatic biosynthesis of O- and V-TAGs, the metabolic role of discrimination of incorporation of some FA species in the glycerol residue of glycerolipids, and the causes for the disappearance of some TAG species during maturation.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 31, 2010
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