The distributions of 31 pharmaceuticals grouped into nine therapeutic classes, including six anticancer drugs, were investigated in the waters and sediments of an urban river in Japan. The coefficients of sorption (logK d) to the river sediments were also determined from the results of a field survey and laboratory-scale experiment. Three anticancer drugs—bicalutamide, doxifluridine, and tamoxifen—were detected in the river sediments at maximum concentrations of 391, 392, and 250 ng/kg, respectively. In addition, the transformation products of psychotropic carbamazepine (2-hydroxy carbamazepine, acridine, and acridone) were detected in the range of 108 ng/kg (2-hydroxy carbamazepine) to 2365 ng/kg (acridine), and the phytoestrogen glycitein was detected in the range of N.D. to 821 ng/kg. The logK d values of the targeted pharmaceuticals in river sediments in the field survey ranged from 0.5 (theophylline) to 3.3 (azithromycin). These results were in accord with those of the laboratory-scale sorption experiment. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of the detection of the anticancer drugs bicalutamide and tamoxifen, the transformation products of carbamazepine (2-hydroxy carbamazepine, acridine, and acridone), and the phytoestrogen genistein in river sediments.
Environmental Science and Pollution Research – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 28, 2017
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