Distribution of polyunsaturated fatty acids in red algae of the genus Gracilaria, a promising source of prostaglandins

Distribution of polyunsaturated fatty acids in red algae of the genus Gracilaria, a promising... The fatty acid (FA) composition and the content of the prostaglandin PGE2 were determined in the red algae Gracilaria vermiculophylla and G. austramaritima from Peter the Great Bay (Sea of Japan), as well as in G. tenuistupitata, G. ñhangii, and G. bailiniae from lagoons in southern Vietnam (in the South China Sea). Polyunsaturated FA (PUFA) comprised 49–56% of the total FAs in algae from the Sea of Japan, while in algae from the South China Sea their share was 20% at most. The content of arachidonic acid (20:4n-6) in the total FAs of G. vermiculophylla was as high as 45.4%, while the level of 20:4n-6 in Gracilaria from coastal waters of Vietnam did not exceed 12.5%. G. austramaritima stood out for its high content of eicosapentaenoic acid 20:5n-3 (33.5%). The ratios of 20:4n-6/20:5n-3 in G. vermiculophylla, G. austramaritima, G. tenuistupitata, G. changii, and G. bailiniae were 10.6, 0.3, 3.9, 4.0, and 1.5, respectively. The content of PGE2 was the highest (286 μg/g dry weight) in G. vermiculophylla from the Sea of Japan and did not exceed 20 μg/g dry weights in other Gracilaria species. This study showed that it is possible to introduce G. vermiculophylla from the Sea of Japan into the mariculture of northern Vietnam. In the experiment, during 3 weeks of cultivation, the biomass of introduced Gracilaria increased 1.2–1.3 times in a sea lagoon in Vietnam and 1.5–2 times in an aquarium; the algal growth rates were 1.57 ± 0.21% per day. In cultivated Gracilaria, the level of 20:4n-6 decreased to 5.9% (20:4n-6/20:5n-3 = 2.3) and the level of PGE2 decreased to 12 μg/g in dry weight. The PUFA compositions of G. vermiculophylla from various natural populations differed insignificantly; however, the stress caused by introduction led to a sharp reduction in the content of 20:4n-6, which was probably connected with a decreased biosynthesis rate of PUFAs of the n-6 series. At the same time, approximately equal amounts of PGE2 methyl ester were extracted from natural and cultivated G. vermiculophylla after treatment by a method proposed for obtaining prostaglandins. Thus, the cultivation conditions evidently did not influence the prostaglandin biosynthesis enzyme complex in G. vermiculophylla; this species, when grown in mariculture, can be used as a source of prostaglandins. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Marine Biology Springer Journals

Distribution of polyunsaturated fatty acids in red algae of the genus Gracilaria, a promising source of prostaglandins

Loading next page...
SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright © 2012 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Life Sciences; Freshwater & Marine Ecology
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial