Background Individualized medication reviews may improve our understanding of the distribution of CYP2C19 polymorphisms in ethnic populations. Objective To evaluate differences in CYP2C19 gene polymorphisms between Mongolian and Han nationals and determine the effect of adjustments of antiplatelet treatments according to the genetic profile in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Setting Prospective, observational, single-center study. Methods 397 patients diagnosed with acute coronary syndrome were enrolled. Additionally, 186 patients undergoing PCI were given different treatments according to their CYP2C19 genotypes. Patients with the genotype of an extensive metabolizers (EMs; *1/*1) were co-administered aspirin 100 mg/day and clopidogrel 75 mg/day, following a loading dose of 300 mg; intermediate metabolizers (IMs; e.g., *1/*2 and *1/*3) and poor metabolizers (PMs; e.g., *2/*2 and *2/*3) were administered a loading dose of 180 mg ticagrelor, followed by a maintenance dose of 90 mg twice a day. Results In Mongolians, 60.79% of patients were EMs, which was significantly higher than that in Han nationals (P = 0.002). In Han individuals, 62.14% of patients were IMs and PMs, which was significantly higher than that in Mongolians (P < 0.05). Three patients died, and the frequency of adverse events during follow-up was significantly higher in patients given conventional treatment than in patients given tailored treatment (P = 0.039). However, differences in metabolism subtypes did not affect the incidence of adverse reactions. Conclusions There were differences in CYP2C19 polymorphisms between Mongolians and Hans. Effective, safe therapy was achieved by tailoring antiplatelet drug therapy based on genotype.
International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 9, 2017
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera