Localization of lumenal carbonic anhydrase Cah3 in thylakoid membranes of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii was studied using wild-type algae and photosynthetic mutants with different composition of chlorophyll-protein complexes in the photosystems. In addition, the photosynthetic characteristics of wild-type C. reinhardtii and cia3 mutants lacking the activity of carbonic anhydrase Cah3 were examined. Western blot analysis revealed the lack of cross reaction with antibodies to Cah3 in the mutant lacking the photosystem II (PSII) reaction center, in contrast to the mutant deficient in light-harvesting complex of PSII. These data show that the lumenal Cah3 is associated with polypeptides on the donor side of PSII reaction center. Using immunoelectron microscopy and antibodies to Cah3 from C. reinhardtii, we showed for the first time that the major part of thylakoid Cah3 is localized in the pyrenoid where the bulk of Rubisco is located. The rate of photosynthetic oxygen evolution and PSII photochemical efficiency were lower in C. reinhardtii cia3 mutant than in the wild type, especially in the cells grown at limiting CO2 concentrations. These observations show that Cah3 takes part in CO2-concentrating mechanism of the chloroplast. The results support our hypothesis [1, 2] that the carboxylation reaction in microalgae proceeds in the pyrenoid, a specific Rubisco-containing part of the chloroplast, which acquires CO2 from the lumen of intrapyrenoid thylakoids. We discuss significance of the pyrenoid as an autonomous metabolic microcompartment, in which Cah3 plays a key role in the production and concentration of CO2 for Rubisco. These functions may promote the photosynthetic efficiency owing to the effective CO2 supply for the Calvin cycle.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Nov 6, 2009
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera