Distributed User Association with Resource Partitioning in Heterogeneous Cellular Networks

Distributed User Association with Resource Partitioning in Heterogeneous Cellular Networks To fully utilize the resources of heterogeneous cellular networks (HCNs), an effective approach that offloads users to the underloaded small cells from overloaded macrocells is widely advocated. However, this operation often leads to a bad result that the offloaded users achieve lower signal-to-interference-plus-noise-ratio (SINR) than these users in macrocells. Thus, some appropriate interference avoidance techniques should be adopted to partially alleviate the SINR degradation. For this, we consider the resource (frequency) partitioning that turns off some fraction of such resources in a macrocell. Naturally, an optimal offloading strategy should be closely coupled with resource partitioning, and in turn the optimal partition decides the offloading performance. In this paper, we propose a distributed association strategy with joint offloading and resource partitioning for HCNs. We reveal that load balancing, by itself, is insufficient, and additional resource partitioning is required to improve system performance. Meanwhile, we also show that, compared with the best power association and range extension association, the proposed scheme provides better association performance. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Wireless Personal Communications Springer Journals

Distributed User Association with Resource Partitioning in Heterogeneous Cellular Networks

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer Science+Business Media New York
Subject
Engineering; Communications Engineering, Networks; Signal,Image and Speech Processing; Computer Communication Networks
ISSN
0929-6212
eISSN
1572-834X
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11277-017-4054-1
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

To fully utilize the resources of heterogeneous cellular networks (HCNs), an effective approach that offloads users to the underloaded small cells from overloaded macrocells is widely advocated. However, this operation often leads to a bad result that the offloaded users achieve lower signal-to-interference-plus-noise-ratio (SINR) than these users in macrocells. Thus, some appropriate interference avoidance techniques should be adopted to partially alleviate the SINR degradation. For this, we consider the resource (frequency) partitioning that turns off some fraction of such resources in a macrocell. Naturally, an optimal offloading strategy should be closely coupled with resource partitioning, and in turn the optimal partition decides the offloading performance. In this paper, we propose a distributed association strategy with joint offloading and resource partitioning for HCNs. We reveal that load balancing, by itself, is insufficient, and additional resource partitioning is required to improve system performance. Meanwhile, we also show that, compared with the best power association and range extension association, the proposed scheme provides better association performance.

Journal

Wireless Personal CommunicationsSpringer Journals

Published: Feb 27, 2017

References

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