Distinctive pathological and clinical features of lung carcinoids with high proliferation index

Distinctive pathological and clinical features of lung carcinoids with high proliferation index Typical (TCs) and atypical carcinoids (ACs) are defined based on morphological criteria, and no grading system is currently accepted to further stratify these entities. The 2015 WHO classification restricts the Ki-67 role to biopsy or cytology samples, rather than for prognostic prediction. We aimed to investigate whether values and patterns of Ki-67 alone would allow for a clinically meaningful stratification of lung carcinoids, regardless of histological typing. Ki-67 proliferation index and pattern (homogeneous versus heterogeneous expression) were assessed in a cohort of 171 TCs and 68 ACs. Cases were subdivided into three Ki-67 ranges (<4/4–9/≥10%). Correlations with clinicopathological data, univariate and multivariate survival analyses were performed. The majority of cases (61.5%) belonged to the <4% Ki-67 range; 25.1 and 13.4% had a proliferation index of 4–9% and ≥10%, respectively. The <4% Ki-67 subgroup was significantly enriched for TCs (83%, p < 0.0001); ACs were more frequent in the subgroup showing Ki-67 ≥ 10% (75%, p < 0.0001). A heterogeneous Ki-67 pattern was preferentially seen in carcinoids with a Ki-67 ≥10% (38%, p < 0.02). Mean Ki-67 values ≥4 and ≥10% identified categories of poor prognosis both in terms of disease-free and overall survival (p = 0.003 and <0.0001). At multivariate analysis, the two thresholds did not retain statistical significance; however, a Ki-67 ≥ 10% identified a subgroup of dismal prognosis even within ACs (p = 0.03) at univariate analysis. Here, we describe a subgroup of lung carcinoids showing brisk proliferation activity within the necrosis and/or mitotic count-based categories. These patients were associated with specific clinicopathological characteristics, to some extent regardless of histological subtyping. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Virchows Archiv Springer Journals

Distinctive pathological and clinical features of lung carcinoids with high proliferation index

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Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by The Author(s)
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Pathology
ISSN
0945-6317
eISSN
1432-2307
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00428-017-2177-0
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Typical (TCs) and atypical carcinoids (ACs) are defined based on morphological criteria, and no grading system is currently accepted to further stratify these entities. The 2015 WHO classification restricts the Ki-67 role to biopsy or cytology samples, rather than for prognostic prediction. We aimed to investigate whether values and patterns of Ki-67 alone would allow for a clinically meaningful stratification of lung carcinoids, regardless of histological typing. Ki-67 proliferation index and pattern (homogeneous versus heterogeneous expression) were assessed in a cohort of 171 TCs and 68 ACs. Cases were subdivided into three Ki-67 ranges (<4/4–9/≥10%). Correlations with clinicopathological data, univariate and multivariate survival analyses were performed. The majority of cases (61.5%) belonged to the <4% Ki-67 range; 25.1 and 13.4% had a proliferation index of 4–9% and ≥10%, respectively. The <4% Ki-67 subgroup was significantly enriched for TCs (83%, p < 0.0001); ACs were more frequent in the subgroup showing Ki-67 ≥ 10% (75%, p < 0.0001). A heterogeneous Ki-67 pattern was preferentially seen in carcinoids with a Ki-67 ≥10% (38%, p < 0.02). Mean Ki-67 values ≥4 and ≥10% identified categories of poor prognosis both in terms of disease-free and overall survival (p = 0.003 and <0.0001). At multivariate analysis, the two thresholds did not retain statistical significance; however, a Ki-67 ≥ 10% identified a subgroup of dismal prognosis even within ACs (p = 0.03) at univariate analysis. Here, we describe a subgroup of lung carcinoids showing brisk proliferation activity within the necrosis and/or mitotic count-based categories. These patients were associated with specific clinicopathological characteristics, to some extent regardless of histological subtyping.

Journal

Virchows ArchivSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 19, 2017

References

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