Genes coding small heat-shock proteins (sHSPs) show distinct behaviours with respect to environmental and developmental signals. Their transcriptional regulation depends on particular combinations of heat stress cis-elements (heat-shock elements; HSEs) but many aspects regarding their regulation remain unclear. Cyst and root-knot nematodes induce, in the roots of infected plants, the differentiation of special feeding cells with high metabolic activity (syncytia and giant cells, respectively), a process accompanied by extensive gene expression changes. The Hahsp17.7G4 (G4) promoter was active in giant cells and its HSE arrangements were crucial for this activation. In the present work, we provide further basis to associate giant cell expression with the heat-shock response of this gene class, by analysing additional promoters. The Hahsp17.6G1 (G1) promoter, not induced by heat shock, was silent in giant cells, while Hahsp18.6G2 (G2), which responds to heat shock, was specifically induced in giant cells. In addition, a mutated Hahsp17.7G4 promoter version (G4MutP) with a strong heat-shock induction was also induced in giant cells. The responses of the different promoters correlated with distinct HSE configurations, which might have implications on differential trans-activation. Furthermore, the shortest giant cell and heat-shock-inducible sHSP promoter version analysed in tobacco (−83pb Hahsp17.7G4) fully maintained its expression profile in Arabidopsis. Cyst nematodes did not induce the Hahsp17.7G4 promoter, revealing additional specificity in the nematode response. These findings, together with the fact that the class I sHSP products of endogenous genes accumulated specifically in tobacco giant cells, support the idea that these nematode-induced giant cells represent a transcriptional state very similar to that produced by heat shock regarding this class of genes. The high metabolic rate of giant cells may result in unfolded proteins requiring class I sHSPs as chaperones, which might, somehow, mimic heat-shock and/or other stress responses.
Plant Molecular Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Nov 28, 2007
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera