Dissipative and non-dissipative single-qubit channels: dynamics and geometry

Dissipative and non-dissipative single-qubit channels: dynamics and geometry Single-qubit dissipative and non-dissipative channels, set in the general scenario of a system’s interaction with a squeezed thermal bath, are compared in the Choi isomorphism framework, to bring out their contrasting rank and geometric properties. The equivalence of commutativity between the signal states and the Kraus operators to that between the system and interaction Hamiltonian, and thus to non-dissipativeness, is pointed out. Two distinct unitarily equivalent Kraus representations of the dissipative channel, one based on the Choi isomorphism, and the other based on an ansatz, are used to illustrate that the orthogonality of Kraus operators under the Hilbert–Schmidt inner product is not a unitary invariant. Unlike the non-dissipative (Pauli) channels, the dissipative (squeezed generalized amplitude damping) channels do not form a convex set. Further, whereas the rank of Pauli channels can be any positive integer up to 4, that of the amplitude damping ones is either 2 or 4. In the latter case, a noise range is identified where environmental squeezing counteracts the effect of thermal decoherence. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Quantum Information Processing Springer Journals

Dissipative and non-dissipative single-qubit channels: dynamics and geometry

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 by Springer Science+Business Media New York
Subject
Physics; Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics; Quantum Computing; Data Structures, Cryptology and Information Theory; Quantum Physics; Mathematical Physics
ISSN
1570-0755
eISSN
1573-1332
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11128-013-0628-3
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Single-qubit dissipative and non-dissipative channels, set in the general scenario of a system’s interaction with a squeezed thermal bath, are compared in the Choi isomorphism framework, to bring out their contrasting rank and geometric properties. The equivalence of commutativity between the signal states and the Kraus operators to that between the system and interaction Hamiltonian, and thus to non-dissipativeness, is pointed out. Two distinct unitarily equivalent Kraus representations of the dissipative channel, one based on the Choi isomorphism, and the other based on an ansatz, are used to illustrate that the orthogonality of Kraus operators under the Hilbert–Schmidt inner product is not a unitary invariant. Unlike the non-dissipative (Pauli) channels, the dissipative (squeezed generalized amplitude damping) channels do not form a convex set. Further, whereas the rank of Pauli channels can be any positive integer up to 4, that of the amplitude damping ones is either 2 or 4. In the latter case, a noise range is identified where environmental squeezing counteracts the effect of thermal decoherence.

Journal

Quantum Information ProcessingSpringer Journals

Published: Aug 28, 2013

References

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