Dissimilar Tendencies of Innovative Green Clay Organo-Modifier on the Final Properties of Poly(ε-caprolactone) Based Nanocomposites

Dissimilar Tendencies of Innovative Green Clay Organo-Modifier on the Final Properties of... Composites based on poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) were prepared by melt blending the polymer with natural and modified bentonite. Soy lecithin (SL), a natural and nontoxic biosurfactant, was used as modifier agent. Three organoclays with different SL contents were employed as fillers and composites containing 1 and 2 wt% of each clay, were prepared. Thermal (by thermogravimetric analysis, and differential scanning calorimetry), morphological (by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and melt rheology), mechanical (by tensile tests) and barrier properties (by means of water vapor permeability tests) of matrix and composites were studied as a function of clay type and content. Morphological analysis by XRD showed nanocomposites with intercalated-exfoliated structures while melt rheology suggests thermal degradation of PCL matrix catalyzed by SL bentonite modifier. Thermal and mechanical properties were consistent with this assumption, due to the slight increment in crystallinity percentage and detriment in the Young’s modulus of the nanocomposites in comparison with the neat matrix. On the other hand, water vapor permeability of PCL significantly decreased in composites, as is expected for polymer/clay nanocomposites, favoring its potential application as food packaging. Thus, dissimilar tendencies were found in the final properties of the nanocomposites that were attributed to the matrix molecular weight degradation catalyzed by the novel green clay organo-modifier. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Polymers and the Environment Springer Journals

Dissimilar Tendencies of Innovative Green Clay Organo-Modifier on the Final Properties of Poly(ε-caprolactone) Based Nanocomposites

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer Science+Business Media New York
Subject
Chemistry; Polymer Sciences; Environmental Chemistry; Materials Science, general; Environmental Engineering/Biotechnology; Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering
ISSN
1566-2543
eISSN
1572-8900
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10924-017-0994-5
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Composites based on poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) were prepared by melt blending the polymer with natural and modified bentonite. Soy lecithin (SL), a natural and nontoxic biosurfactant, was used as modifier agent. Three organoclays with different SL contents were employed as fillers and composites containing 1 and 2 wt% of each clay, were prepared. Thermal (by thermogravimetric analysis, and differential scanning calorimetry), morphological (by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and melt rheology), mechanical (by tensile tests) and barrier properties (by means of water vapor permeability tests) of matrix and composites were studied as a function of clay type and content. Morphological analysis by XRD showed nanocomposites with intercalated-exfoliated structures while melt rheology suggests thermal degradation of PCL matrix catalyzed by SL bentonite modifier. Thermal and mechanical properties were consistent with this assumption, due to the slight increment in crystallinity percentage and detriment in the Young’s modulus of the nanocomposites in comparison with the neat matrix. On the other hand, water vapor permeability of PCL significantly decreased in composites, as is expected for polymer/clay nanocomposites, favoring its potential application as food packaging. Thus, dissimilar tendencies were found in the final properties of the nanocomposites that were attributed to the matrix molecular weight degradation catalyzed by the novel green clay organo-modifier.

Journal

Journal of Polymers and the EnvironmentSpringer Journals

Published: Mar 16, 2017

References

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