Histologic evaluation of disease activity in the setting of inflammatory bowel disease is gaining interest within the gastroenterology community. Recent data suggests that histologic measurements of inflammation in ulcerative colitis are more sensitive at detecting disease activity and perform better than endoscopic measurements in predicting clinical outcomes. Histologic measurements are also increasingly used in ulcerative colitis clinical trials to assess response to new therapies. Histologic measurements of disease activity are less well studied in Crohn’s disease, but are gaining attention. Current published treatment algorithms in inflammatory bowel disease do not take into consideration histologic activity; however, this may change in the near future. In order for histologic measurements to be included in clinical decision-making, validated, reliable, and responsive histologic scoring systems are needed. In this review, the recent literature on the significance of histologic activity in both ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease is summarized. Histologic scoring systems are also briefly discussed.
Virchows Archiv – Springer Journals
Published: May 30, 2017
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