Calcium-activated chloride channels (CaCCs) play fundamental roles in numerous physiological processes. Despite their physiological importance, the molecular identity of CaCCs has not been fully investigated until now. Recently, transmembrane 16A (TMEM16A) was demonstrated by three independent research groups to be a strong candidate for the CaCC molecular basis. To further investigate the electrophysiological characteristics, we constructed TMEM16A (abcd) stably transfected HEK293 cell lines and carried out whole-cell and excised inside–out patch-clamp experiments. The TMEM16A channel was Ca2+-dependent in both patch configurations. The TMEM16A current could be strongly inhibited by niflumic acid, and when Cl− was substituted by gluconate ions, the current was reduced considerably. In inside–out configuration, TMEM16A channel was time-independent but voltage-dependent, in which the half-maximum activating free Ca2+ concentration was 63 nM at 80 mV. While in whole-cell configuration, the current was both time- and voltage-dependent. About the rectification feature, the TMEM16A current also showed distinct characteristics in the two patch configurations. In whole cells, the TMEM16A channel expressed outward rectification at low Ca2+ concentration but when the Ca2+ concentration was high it became linear. On the contrary, in inside–out configuration, it always expressed outward rectification. Comparing the different characteristics in the two configurations, some underlying mechanisms remain to be identified, which is discussed with respect to direct or indirect activation. There was irreversible rundown in this channel.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 19, 2011
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera