Large-scale production of high-quality graphene is very critical for practical applications of graphene materials and devices. Exfoliation of graphite in an aqueous solution of surfactants is one of the most promising approaches to produce graphene. In this study, a novel anionic surfactant [sulfonated used engine oil (SUEO)], which was prepared from used engine oil, was employed to exfoliate the graphite nanoplatelets into graphene sheets in an aqueous solution under sonication to form a stable dispersion. The efficiency of SUEO for exfoliating and dispersing graphene was investigated and compared with that of traditional surfactants, such as sodium dodecyl sulfate, sodium dodecyl benzene sulfate, cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide, and polyvinylpyrrolidone. Result showed that the graphene dispersion with excellent stability had a higher concentration (0.477 mg/mL) than others at 0.5 g/L optimal SUEO dosage in 4 h sonication time. The superior performance of SUEO can be attributed to its special molecular structures, whose hydrophobic moieties contain cycloalkanes/aromatics with different molecular weights and/or side chain –R with different lengths. Structural diversities are very helpful to the “jigsaw-puzzle” process on the graphene surface, where the total interfacial energy of the mixture system was minimized. Microscopic (SEM, TEM, and AFM) and spectroscopic (XRD, XPS, and Raman) measurements revealed that the dispersion consisted of few-layer graphene sheets with lower levels of defects or oxidation. This study presents a new class of dispersing agents for graphene that assists in the exfoliation process in water with high concentration and the stabilization of the graphene sheets against reaggregation.
Journal of Materials Science – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 25, 2017
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera