Direct and Indirect Effects of Mutations at the Outer Mouth of the Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator Chloride Channel Pore

Direct and Indirect Effects of Mutations at the Outer Mouth of the Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane... The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) Cl− channel pore is thought to contain multiple binding sites for permeant and impermeant anions. Here, we investigate the effects of mutation of different positively charged residues in the pore on current inhibition by impermeant Pt(NO2) 4 2− and suramin anions. We show that mutations that remove positive charges (K95, R303) influence interactions with intracellular, but not extracellular, Pt(NO2) 4 2− ions, consistent with these residues being situated within the pore inner vestibule. In contrast, mutation of R334, supposedly located in the outer vestibule of the pore, affects block by both extracellular and intracellular Pt(NO2) 4 2− . Inhibition by extracellular Pt(NO2) 4 2− requires a positive charge at position 334, consistent with a direct electrostatic interaction resulting in either open channel block or surface charge screening. In contrast, inhibition by intracellular Pt(NO2) 4 2− is weakened in all R334-mutant forms of the channel studied, inconsistent with a direct interaction. Furthermore, mutation of R334 had similar effects on block by intracellular suramin, a large organic molecule that is apparently unable to enter deeply into the channel pore. Mutation of R334 altered interactions between intracellular Pt(NO2) 4 2− and extracellular Cl− but not those between intracellular Pt(NO2) 4 2− and extracellular Pt(NO2) 4 2− . We propose that while the positive charge of R334 interacts directly with extracellular anions, mutation of this residue also alters interactions with intracellular anions by an indirect mechanism, due to mutation-induced conformational changes in the protein that are propagated some distance from the site of the mutation in the outer mouth of the pore. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Direct and Indirect Effects of Mutations at the Outer Mouth of the Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator Chloride Channel Pore

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2007 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Life Sciences; Human Physiology ; Biochemistry, general
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00232-007-9056-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) Cl− channel pore is thought to contain multiple binding sites for permeant and impermeant anions. Here, we investigate the effects of mutation of different positively charged residues in the pore on current inhibition by impermeant Pt(NO2) 4 2− and suramin anions. We show that mutations that remove positive charges (K95, R303) influence interactions with intracellular, but not extracellular, Pt(NO2) 4 2− ions, consistent with these residues being situated within the pore inner vestibule. In contrast, mutation of R334, supposedly located in the outer vestibule of the pore, affects block by both extracellular and intracellular Pt(NO2) 4 2− . Inhibition by extracellular Pt(NO2) 4 2− requires a positive charge at position 334, consistent with a direct electrostatic interaction resulting in either open channel block or surface charge screening. In contrast, inhibition by intracellular Pt(NO2) 4 2− is weakened in all R334-mutant forms of the channel studied, inconsistent with a direct interaction. Furthermore, mutation of R334 had similar effects on block by intracellular suramin, a large organic molecule that is apparently unable to enter deeply into the channel pore. Mutation of R334 altered interactions between intracellular Pt(NO2) 4 2− and extracellular Cl− but not those between intracellular Pt(NO2) 4 2− and extracellular Pt(NO2) 4 2− . We propose that while the positive charge of R334 interacts directly with extracellular anions, mutation of this residue also alters interactions with intracellular anions by an indirect mechanism, due to mutation-induced conformational changes in the protein that are propagated some distance from the site of the mutation in the outer mouth of the pore.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Aug 3, 2007

References

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