Dimethyl carbonate synthesis via transesterification of ethylene carbonate and methanol using ionic liquid catalysts immobilized on mesoporous cellular foams

Dimethyl carbonate synthesis via transesterification of ethylene carbonate and methanol using... Dimethyl carbonate (DMC) was synthesized via transesterification of ethylene carbonate and methanol with ionic liquid catalysts. For this reaction, 1,4-diazobicyclo[2.2.2]octane (DABCO), [Choline]OH, and [BMIM]Cl were used as a homogeneous catalyst, and hydrotalcite, [DABCO]OH@MCF, [DABCO]Cl@MCF, and DABCO/MCF were used as a heterogeneous catalyst. To support the ionic liquids, mesoporous cellular foam (MCF) was prepared and characterized by SEM, TEM and BET surface area analyzer. The average cell and window sizes of the prepared MCF were 34.4 and 21.3 nm, respectively. The prepared MCF had a well structured three-dimensional structure. Among the homogeneous catalysts used, DABCO showed the highest DMC yield about 84 %, and among the heterogeneous catalysts, [DABCO]OH@MCF showed the highest DMC yield about 77 %. In the reusability test of the used catalysts, there was only 8 % point decrease in DMC yield with [DABCO]OH@MCF, whereas 58 percent point decrease in DMC yield with DABCO/MCF after four times recycling tests. The effects of an anion on the catalytic activity were investigated. The optimum reaction condition for DMC synthesis was also investigated with [DABCO]OH@MCF catalyst. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Research on Chemical Intermediates Springer Journals

Dimethyl carbonate synthesis via transesterification of ethylene carbonate and methanol using ionic liquid catalysts immobilized on mesoporous cellular foams

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Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht
Subject
Chemistry; Catalysis; Physical Chemistry; Inorganic Chemistry
ISSN
0922-6168
eISSN
1568-5675
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11164-015-2396-4
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Dimethyl carbonate (DMC) was synthesized via transesterification of ethylene carbonate and methanol with ionic liquid catalysts. For this reaction, 1,4-diazobicyclo[2.2.2]octane (DABCO), [Choline]OH, and [BMIM]Cl were used as a homogeneous catalyst, and hydrotalcite, [DABCO]OH@MCF, [DABCO]Cl@MCF, and DABCO/MCF were used as a heterogeneous catalyst. To support the ionic liquids, mesoporous cellular foam (MCF) was prepared and characterized by SEM, TEM and BET surface area analyzer. The average cell and window sizes of the prepared MCF were 34.4 and 21.3 nm, respectively. The prepared MCF had a well structured three-dimensional structure. Among the homogeneous catalysts used, DABCO showed the highest DMC yield about 84 %, and among the heterogeneous catalysts, [DABCO]OH@MCF showed the highest DMC yield about 77 %. In the reusability test of the used catalysts, there was only 8 % point decrease in DMC yield with [DABCO]OH@MCF, whereas 58 percent point decrease in DMC yield with DABCO/MCF after four times recycling tests. The effects of an anion on the catalytic activity were investigated. The optimum reaction condition for DMC synthesis was also investigated with [DABCO]OH@MCF catalyst.

Journal

Research on Chemical IntermediatesSpringer Journals

Published: Jan 12, 2016

References

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