Diffuse intrinsic pontine gliomas (DIPG) at recurrence: is there a window to test new therapies in some patients?

Diffuse intrinsic pontine gliomas (DIPG) at recurrence: is there a window to test new therapies... Children with diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) need new and more efficient treatments. They can be developed at relapse or at diagnosis, but therefore they must be combined with radiotherapy. Survival of children after recurrence and its predictors were studied to inform the possibility to design early phase clinical trials for DIPG at this stage. Among 142 DIPG patients treated between 1998 and 2014, 114 had biopsy-proven DIPG with histone H3 status available for 83. We defined as long survivors’ patients who survived more than 3 months after relapse which corresponds to the minimal life expectancy requested for phase I/II trials. Factors influencing post-relapse survival were accordingly compared between short and long-term survivors after relapse. Fifty-seven percent of patients were considered long survivors and 70% of them had a Lansky Play Scale (LPS) above 50% at relapse. Patients who became steroids-independent after initial treatment for at least 2 months had better survival after relapse (3.7 versus 2.6 months, p = 0.001). LPS above 50% at relapse was correlated with better survival after relapse (3.8 versus 1.8 months, p < 0.001). Patients with H3.1 mutation survived longer after relapse (4.9 versus 2.7 months, p = 0.007). Patients who received a second radiotherapy at the time of relapse had an improved survival (7.5 versus 4 months, p = 0.001). In the two-way ANOVA analysis, steroid-independence and LPS predicted survival best and the type of histone H3 (H3.1 or H3.3) mutated did not improve prediction. Survival of many DIPG patients after relapse over 3 months would make possible to propose specific trials for this condition. Steroid-independence, H3 mutation status and LPS should be considered to predict eligibility. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Neuro-Oncology Springer Journals

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/diffuse-intrinsic-pontine-gliomas-dipg-at-recurrence-is-there-a-window-hSQ7xd0tJQ
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Oncology; Neurology
ISSN
0167-594X
eISSN
1573-7373
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11060-017-2702-7
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Children with diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) need new and more efficient treatments. They can be developed at relapse or at diagnosis, but therefore they must be combined with radiotherapy. Survival of children after recurrence and its predictors were studied to inform the possibility to design early phase clinical trials for DIPG at this stage. Among 142 DIPG patients treated between 1998 and 2014, 114 had biopsy-proven DIPG with histone H3 status available for 83. We defined as long survivors’ patients who survived more than 3 months after relapse which corresponds to the minimal life expectancy requested for phase I/II trials. Factors influencing post-relapse survival were accordingly compared between short and long-term survivors after relapse. Fifty-seven percent of patients were considered long survivors and 70% of them had a Lansky Play Scale (LPS) above 50% at relapse. Patients who became steroids-independent after initial treatment for at least 2 months had better survival after relapse (3.7 versus 2.6 months, p = 0.001). LPS above 50% at relapse was correlated with better survival after relapse (3.8 versus 1.8 months, p < 0.001). Patients with H3.1 mutation survived longer after relapse (4.9 versus 2.7 months, p = 0.007). Patients who received a second radiotherapy at the time of relapse had an improved survival (7.5 versus 4 months, p = 0.001). In the two-way ANOVA analysis, steroid-independence and LPS predicted survival best and the type of histone H3 (H3.1 or H3.3) mutated did not improve prediction. Survival of many DIPG patients after relapse over 3 months would make possible to propose specific trials for this condition. Steroid-independence, H3 mutation status and LPS should be considered to predict eligibility.

Journal

Journal of Neuro-OncologySpringer Journals

Published: Dec 2, 2017

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off