The development of male gametes (spermacia) in the red alga Gracilaria verrucosa has been studied using methods of transmission electron microscopy. Early spermatangia located along the wall of the conceptacle show an elongated shape in the thin sections. In the central part of the electron-dense cytoplasm of these cells there is a nucleus; numerous fibrous vesicles are arranged in the periphery. During the process of differentiation, the spermatangia become more rounded in shape and a large spermatangial vesicle is developed. The subsequent development of spermatium is accompanied by polarization of the spermatangium and the subsequent excretion of the spermatangial vesicle. The spermatia are oval cells containing a nucleus and fibrous vesicles. The process of differentiation of male gametes in G. verrucosa does not differ from that in five species of the genus Gracilaria, where it has already been studied. However, any conclusions about the degree of similarity between the spermatia in all the studied species can be made only after a detailed comparative analysis of the ultrastructural characteristics of these gametes.
Russian Journal of Marine Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 12, 2004
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