Differentiation of circulating neural progenitor cells in vitro on fibrin-based composite -matrix involves Wnt- β-catenin-like signaling

Differentiation of circulating neural progenitor cells in vitro on fibrin-based composite -matrix... Isolation of progenitors with regenerative potential and their in vitro induction to specific lineage may be necessary for effective cell transplantation outcome. Earlier, we standardized specific niche for derivation of neural progenitor cells (NPCs) from circulating mononuclear cells to neural like cells (NLC) in vitro, for applications in neural regeneration. The current study analysed the prospective involvement of signaling mechanism for in vitro lineage commitment of circulating NPCs. Preferred mechanism selected was Wnt-like signaling because this is one of the pathways implicated in the central nervous system (CNS) development and homeostasis. We sought to determine the activation of Wnt3a-specific genes in the standardized NPC culture system. To start with, it was found that when standardized NPC culture niche was supplemented with Wnt 3a protein, no additional morphological changes happen. Chemical inhibitors of the pathway retarded NPC to NLC conversion both in the absence and presence of supplemented Wnt-3a. In earlier studies, involvement of the niche constituents- fibronectin (FN), laminin (La) and fibrin (Fib)- for NPC growth and differentiation was established. In an attempt to study the role of these adhesive proteins by adding antibodies against FN, La & Fib together, molecular level signaling changes seen were comparable to that http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Cell Communication and Signaling Springer Journals

Differentiation of circulating neural progenitor cells in vitro on fibrin-based composite -matrix involves Wnt- β-catenin-like signaling

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by The International CCN Society
Subject
Life Sciences; Cell Biology; Biomedicine, general
ISSN
1873-9601
eISSN
1873-961X
D.O.I.
10.1007/s12079-018-0467-1
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Isolation of progenitors with regenerative potential and their in vitro induction to specific lineage may be necessary for effective cell transplantation outcome. Earlier, we standardized specific niche for derivation of neural progenitor cells (NPCs) from circulating mononuclear cells to neural like cells (NLC) in vitro, for applications in neural regeneration. The current study analysed the prospective involvement of signaling mechanism for in vitro lineage commitment of circulating NPCs. Preferred mechanism selected was Wnt-like signaling because this is one of the pathways implicated in the central nervous system (CNS) development and homeostasis. We sought to determine the activation of Wnt3a-specific genes in the standardized NPC culture system. To start with, it was found that when standardized NPC culture niche was supplemented with Wnt 3a protein, no additional morphological changes happen. Chemical inhibitors of the pathway retarded NPC to NLC conversion both in the absence and presence of supplemented Wnt-3a. In earlier studies, involvement of the niche constituents- fibronectin (FN), laminin (La) and fibrin (Fib)- for NPC growth and differentiation was established. In an attempt to study the role of these adhesive proteins by adding antibodies against FN, La & Fib together, molecular level signaling changes seen were comparable to that

Journal

Journal of Cell Communication and SignalingSpringer Journals

Published: May 31, 2018

References

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