The Na+/H+ exchanger (NHE) constitutes a gene family containing several isoforms that display different membrane localization and are involved in specialized functions. Although basolateral NHE-1 activity was described in the cortical collecting duct (CCD), the localization and function of other NHE isoforms is not yet clear, This study examines the expression, localization, and regulation of NHE isoforms in a rat cortical collecting duct cell line (RCCD1) that has previously been shown to be a good model of CCD cells. Present studies demonstrate the presence of NHE-1 and NHE-2 isoforms, but not NHE-3 and NHE-4, in RCCD1 cells. Cell monolayers, grown on permeable filters, were placed on special holders allowing independent access to apical and basolateral compartments. Intracellular pH (pHi) regulation was spectrofluorometrically studied in basal conditions and after stimulation by NH4Cl acid load or by a hyperosmotic shock. In order to differentiate the roles of NHE-1 and NHE-2, we have used HOE-694, an inhibitor more selective for NHE-1 than for NHE-2. The results obtained strongly suggest that NHE-1 and NHE-2 are expressed in the basolateral membrane but that they have different roles: NHE-1 is responsible for pHi recovery after an acid load and NHE-2 is mainly involved in steady-state pHi and cell volume regulation.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 1, 2002
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