Transfer of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii cells grown photoautotrophically in low light to higher light intensities has a dramatic transient effect on the differential expression of the two major chloroplast encoded photosynthetic proteins. Synthesis of the D1 protein of Photosystem II increases more than 10-fold during the first six hours in high light (HL), whereas synthesis of the large subunit (LSU) of Rubisco drops dramatically within 15 min and only gradually resumes at about 6 h. Synthesis of the chloroplast-encoded ATP synthaseβ subunit, the nuclear-encoded Rubisco small subunit and the nuclear-encoded β-tubulin is not noticeably affected. Up regulation of psbA mRNA translation accounts for a substantial fraction of the increased D1 synthesis, since accumulation of psbA mRNA increases 4.2- and 6.3-fold less than D1 synthesis at 6 and 18 h in HL. Down-regulation of LSU synthesis is not correlated with a reduction in the steady-state level of the rbcL transcript. Primer extension mapping of the 5' ends of the rbcL mRNAs reveals transcripts with start points located at -93 and -186 relative to the first translated ATG. Transfer of low light (LL)-grown cells to HL temporarily decreases the ratio of the -93 to -186 transcripts, but this ratio normalizes after 6 h in HL, coincident with the recovery in the synthesis of LSU. These several distinct effects of temporary light stress were correlated with a rapid, sustained increase in the reduction state of QA, a transient decline in photosynthetic efficiency, a less rapid drop in total chlorophyll content and a delay in cell division.
Plant Molecular Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 14, 2004
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