Differential expression of coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptor on alveolar epithelial cells between fetal and adult mice determines their different susceptibility to coxsackievirus B infection

Differential expression of coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptor on alveolar epithelial cells... Coxsackievirus B (CVB) can cause aseptic meningitis, myocarditis and respiratory disease, especially in newborn infants. To compare the susceptibility to CVB infection of fetal and adult mice, we prepared primary alveolar epithelial cells (AECs) from lungs of BALB/c mice. In contrast to fetal mouse AECs, those of adults were less susceptible to CVB3 infection, as indicated by decreased cytopathic effects, and reduced levels of viral particles bound at the cell surface. In adult mouse AECs, amplification of the viral genome and virus capsid protein VP1 synthesis were concomitantly reduced. In addition, the cell-surface expression of coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptor (CAR), which plays a key role in the initiation of CVB and pulmonary infection, was downregulated in adult mouse AECs. These findings demonstrate that adult mouse AECs are less susceptible to CVB3 due to decreased CAR levels. Thus, these findings strongly indicate that the level of virus receptors on AECs is one of the crucial determinants for the age-dependence of CVB virulence in the mouse lung. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Differential expression of coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptor on alveolar epithelial cells between fetal and adult mice determines their different susceptibility to coxsackievirus B infection

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Publisher
Springer Vienna
Copyright
Copyright © 2012 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Biomedicine; Virology; Infectious Diseases; Medical Microbiology
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-012-1254-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Coxsackievirus B (CVB) can cause aseptic meningitis, myocarditis and respiratory disease, especially in newborn infants. To compare the susceptibility to CVB infection of fetal and adult mice, we prepared primary alveolar epithelial cells (AECs) from lungs of BALB/c mice. In contrast to fetal mouse AECs, those of adults were less susceptible to CVB3 infection, as indicated by decreased cytopathic effects, and reduced levels of viral particles bound at the cell surface. In adult mouse AECs, amplification of the viral genome and virus capsid protein VP1 synthesis were concomitantly reduced. In addition, the cell-surface expression of coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptor (CAR), which plays a key role in the initiation of CVB and pulmonary infection, was downregulated in adult mouse AECs. These findings demonstrate that adult mouse AECs are less susceptible to CVB3 due to decreased CAR levels. Thus, these findings strongly indicate that the level of virus receptors on AECs is one of the crucial determinants for the age-dependence of CVB virulence in the mouse lung.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Jun 1, 2012

References

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