Endothelins are known to be among the most potent endogenous vasoconstrictors. Vasoconstriction of the spiral modiolar artery, which supplies the cochlea, may be implicated in hearing loss and tinnitus. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether the spiral modiolar artery responds to endothelin, whether a change in the cytosolic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) mediates the response and which endothelin receptors are present. The vascular diameter and [Ca2+]i were measured simultaneously by videomicroscopy and microfluorometry in the isolated spiral modiolar artery from the gerbil. ET-1 induced a transient [Ca2+]i increase and a strong and long-lasting vasoconstriction. The transient [Ca2+]i increase underwent rapid desensitization, was independent of extracellular Ca2+ and inhibited by the IP3-receptor blocker (75 μm) 2-aminoethoxydiphenyl borate (2-APB) and by depletion of Ca2+ stores with 10−6 m thapsigargin. In contrast, the vasoconstriction displayed no comparable desensitization. The initial vasoconstriction was independent of extracellular Ca2+ but maintenance of the constriction depended on the presence of extracellular Ca2+. The half-maximal concentration values (EC 50) for the agonists ET-1, ET-3 and sarafotoxin S6c were 0.8 nm, >10 nm and >100 nm, respectively. Affinity constants for the antagonists BQ-123 and BQ-788 were 24 nm and 77 nm, respectively. These observations demonstrate that ET-1 mediates a vasoconstriction of the gerbil spiral modiolar artery via ETA receptors and an IP3 receptor-mediated release of Ca2+ from thapsigargin-sensitive Ca2+ stores. The marked difference in desensitization between Ca2+ mobilization and vasoconstriction suggests that Ca2+ mobilization is not solely responsible for the vasoconstriction and that other signaling mechanisms must be present.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 1, 2001
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera