Differential Binding of Active and Inactive Integrin to Talin

Differential Binding of Active and Inactive Integrin to Talin Bi-directional signaling of integrins plays an important role in platelet and leukocyte function. Talin plays a key role in integrin bi-directional signaling and its binding to integrin is highly regulated. The precise regulation of the recruitment and binding of talin to integrin is still being elucidated. In particular, the recruitment of talin to integrin is controlled by the RAP-1 and RIAM/lamellipodin signaling axis and the affinity between talin and integrin is regulated by the conformation or protease cleavage of talin. However, whether the binding between integrin and talin is also regulated by integrin conformation has not been thoroughly explored before. In this work, we used biochemical binding assays to study the potential role of integrin conformational changes in integrin–talin interactions. Constitutively active integrin αIIbb3 binds markedly stronger to talin than inactive αIIbb3. Inactive αIIbb3 markedly increases its binding to talin once activated, regardless of how αIIbb3 is activated. Further, the increased binding to talin is b3 tail dependent. Our results suggest that integrin conformation is another regulatory mechanism for integrin–talin interaction. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Protein Journal Springer Journals

Differential Binding of Active and Inactive Integrin to Talin

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Chemistry; Bioorganic Chemistry; Biochemistry, general; Organic Chemistry; Animal Anatomy / Morphology / Histology
ISSN
1572-3887
eISSN
1573-4943
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10930-018-9776-8
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Bi-directional signaling of integrins plays an important role in platelet and leukocyte function. Talin plays a key role in integrin bi-directional signaling and its binding to integrin is highly regulated. The precise regulation of the recruitment and binding of talin to integrin is still being elucidated. In particular, the recruitment of talin to integrin is controlled by the RAP-1 and RIAM/lamellipodin signaling axis and the affinity between talin and integrin is regulated by the conformation or protease cleavage of talin. However, whether the binding between integrin and talin is also regulated by integrin conformation has not been thoroughly explored before. In this work, we used biochemical binding assays to study the potential role of integrin conformational changes in integrin–talin interactions. Constitutively active integrin αIIbb3 binds markedly stronger to talin than inactive αIIbb3. Inactive αIIbb3 markedly increases its binding to talin once activated, regardless of how αIIbb3 is activated. Further, the increased binding to talin is b3 tail dependent. Our results suggest that integrin conformation is another regulatory mechanism for integrin–talin interaction.

Journal

The Protein JournalSpringer Journals

Published: May 21, 2018

References

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