Differential association of dietary carbohydrate intake with metabolic syndrome in the US and Korean adults: data from the 2007–2012 NHANES and KNHANES

Differential association of dietary carbohydrate intake with metabolic syndrome in the US and... Background/objectives The risk factors for metabolic syndrome may differ between Western and Asian countries due to their distinct dietary cultures. However, few studies have directly compared macronutrient intake and its association with the risk of metabolic syndrome in the US and Korean adults using national survey data. Subject/methods Based on the data from the US and Korean versions of the 2007–2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES, KNHANES), a total of 3,324 American and 20,515 Korean adults were included. In both countries, dietary intake was measured using a 24-h dietary recall method and metabolic syndrome was defined using the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III criteria. Results The percentages of energy intake from carbohydrate, protein, and fat were 50:16:33 in the US adults and 66:15:19 in the Korean adults. Regarding metabolic abnormalities, Korean adults in the highest quintile of carbohydrate intake showed an increased risk of metabolic syndrome in men and women, with abnormalities of reduced HDL cholesterol and elevated triglyceride levels. In contrast, the US men showed no significant association with metabolic syndrome and its abnormalities, while the US women showed an increased risk of reduced HDL cholesterol and elevated triglycerides. Conclusions A high carbohydrate http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png European Journal of Clinical Nutrition Springer Journals

Differential association of dietary carbohydrate intake with metabolic syndrome in the US and Korean adults: data from the 2007–2012 NHANES and KNHANES

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Macmillan Publishers Limited, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Medicine/Public Health, general; Public Health; Epidemiology; Internal Medicine; Clinical Nutrition; Metabolic Diseases
ISSN
0954-3007
eISSN
1476-5640
D.O.I.
10.1038/s41430-017-0031-8
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Background/objectives The risk factors for metabolic syndrome may differ between Western and Asian countries due to their distinct dietary cultures. However, few studies have directly compared macronutrient intake and its association with the risk of metabolic syndrome in the US and Korean adults using national survey data. Subject/methods Based on the data from the US and Korean versions of the 2007–2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES, KNHANES), a total of 3,324 American and 20,515 Korean adults were included. In both countries, dietary intake was measured using a 24-h dietary recall method and metabolic syndrome was defined using the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III criteria. Results The percentages of energy intake from carbohydrate, protein, and fat were 50:16:33 in the US adults and 66:15:19 in the Korean adults. Regarding metabolic abnormalities, Korean adults in the highest quintile of carbohydrate intake showed an increased risk of metabolic syndrome in men and women, with abnormalities of reduced HDL cholesterol and elevated triglyceride levels. In contrast, the US men showed no significant association with metabolic syndrome and its abnormalities, while the US women showed an increased risk of reduced HDL cholesterol and elevated triglycerides. Conclusions A high carbohydrate

Journal

European Journal of Clinical NutritionSpringer Journals

Published: Jan 16, 2018

References

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