Different Traumatic Experiences are Associated with Different Pathologies

Different Traumatic Experiences are Associated with Different Pathologies We tested the hypothesis that different traumatic experiences will contribute in variable degree to different mental pathologies. A total of 223 young adult non-patients were assessed with the help of self-reports. The role of six different trauma experiences (broken home, dysfunctional family, family violence, child sexual abuse, child severe sexual abuse and adult sexual abuse) in six different conditions/pathologies (alexithymia, depression, somatization, borderline, overall physical health and overall mental health) was tested in a series of multivariate analyses of variance and of Roy-Bargmann stepdown analyses. The hypothesis was confirmed: Individual traumatic experiences were indeed associated with different pathologies. Specifically, sexual abuse predicted borderline pathology, severe child sexual abuse somatization, and dysfunctional or broken family depression. Family violence was associated with worse overall mental health and alexithymia, whereas no trauma variable could be identified to be associated with overall physical health. Most of these individual relationships were reported in the literature, based on results obtained in different clinical samples. Our results were won in a sample of young non-patients controlling for overlap between pathologies. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Psychiatric Quarterly Springer Journals

Different Traumatic Experiences are Associated with Different Pathologies

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Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2005 by Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Psychiatry; Public Health; Sociology, general
ISSN
0033-2720
eISSN
1573-6709
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11089-005-5578-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We tested the hypothesis that different traumatic experiences will contribute in variable degree to different mental pathologies. A total of 223 young adult non-patients were assessed with the help of self-reports. The role of six different trauma experiences (broken home, dysfunctional family, family violence, child sexual abuse, child severe sexual abuse and adult sexual abuse) in six different conditions/pathologies (alexithymia, depression, somatization, borderline, overall physical health and overall mental health) was tested in a series of multivariate analyses of variance and of Roy-Bargmann stepdown analyses. The hypothesis was confirmed: Individual traumatic experiences were indeed associated with different pathologies. Specifically, sexual abuse predicted borderline pathology, severe child sexual abuse somatization, and dysfunctional or broken family depression. Family violence was associated with worse overall mental health and alexithymia, whereas no trauma variable could be identified to be associated with overall physical health. Most of these individual relationships were reported in the literature, based on results obtained in different clinical samples. Our results were won in a sample of young non-patients controlling for overlap between pathologies.

Journal

Psychiatric QuarterlySpringer Journals

Published: Jan 1, 2005

References

  • The relationship between dissociative symptoms, alexithymia, impulsivity, sexual abuse, and self-mutilation
    Zlotnick, C; Shea, MT; Pearlstein, T

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