Different than the Sum of Its Parts: Examining the Unique Impacts of Immigrant Groups on Neighborhood Crime Rates

Different than the Sum of Its Parts: Examining the Unique Impacts of Immigrant Groups on... Objectives Examining the immigration-crime nexus across neighborhoods in the South- ern California metropolitan region, this study builds on existing literature by unpacking immigration and accounting for the rich diversity that exists between immigrant groups. Methods Using data from a variety of sources, we capture this diversity with three dif- ferent approaches, operationalizing immigrant groups by similar racial/ethnic categories, areas or regions of the world that immigrants emigrate from, and where immigrants co- locate once they settle in the U.S. We also account for the heterogeneity of immigrant populations by constructing measures of immigrant heterogeneity based on each of these classifications. We compare these novel approaches with the standard approach, which combines immigrants together through a single measure of percent foreign born. Results The results reveal that considerable insights are gained by distinguishing between diverse groups of immigrants. In particular, we find that all three strategies explained neighborhood crime levels better than the traditional approach. Conclusion The findings underscore the necessity of disaggregating immigrant groups when exploring the immigration-crime relationship. Keywords Immigrants  Immigration  Neighborhoods  Crime & Charis E. Kubrin ckubrin@uci.edu Department of Criminology, Law and Society, University of California, Irvine, Social Ecology II, Irvine, CA 92697, USA http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Quantitative Criminology Springer Journals

Different than the Sum of Its Parts: Examining the Unique Impacts of Immigrant Groups on Neighborhood Crime Rates

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by Springer Science+Business Media New York
Subject
Criminology and Criminal Justice; Criminology and Criminal Justice, general; Sociology, general; Methodology of the Social Sciences; Statistics, general
ISSN
0748-4518
eISSN
1573-7799
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10940-016-9320-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Objectives Examining the immigration-crime nexus across neighborhoods in the South- ern California metropolitan region, this study builds on existing literature by unpacking immigration and accounting for the rich diversity that exists between immigrant groups. Methods Using data from a variety of sources, we capture this diversity with three dif- ferent approaches, operationalizing immigrant groups by similar racial/ethnic categories, areas or regions of the world that immigrants emigrate from, and where immigrants co- locate once they settle in the U.S. We also account for the heterogeneity of immigrant populations by constructing measures of immigrant heterogeneity based on each of these classifications. We compare these novel approaches with the standard approach, which combines immigrants together through a single measure of percent foreign born. Results The results reveal that considerable insights are gained by distinguishing between diverse groups of immigrants. In particular, we find that all three strategies explained neighborhood crime levels better than the traditional approach. Conclusion The findings underscore the necessity of disaggregating immigrant groups when exploring the immigration-crime relationship. Keywords Immigrants  Immigration  Neighborhoods  Crime & Charis E. Kubrin ckubrin@uci.edu Department of Criminology, Law and Society, University of California, Irvine, Social Ecology II, Irvine, CA 92697, USA

Journal

Journal of Quantitative CriminologySpringer Journals

Published: Sep 21, 2016

References

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