Different responses of two ecotypes of C3–C4 xero-halophyte Bassia sedoides to osmotic and ionic factors of salt stress

Different responses of two ecotypes of C3–C4 xero-halophyte Bassia sedoides to osmotic and... The effects of low and moderate salinity (100 and 200 mM NaCl, respectively) and iso-osmotic stress generated by polyethylene glycol PEG (1) (–0.3 MPa) and PEG (2) (–0.6 MPa) on maximum quantum yield of photosystem II (PSII), growth, photosynthesis, transpiration, dark respiration, water use efficiency (WUE), water content, chlorophyll, proline, Na+ and K+ concentrations were investigated in shoots of two ecotypes С3–С4 xero-halophyte Bassia sedoides (Pall.) Aschers. Plants were grown from seeds of two Southern Urals populations (Makan and Podolsk) differing in their bioproductivity. Aboveground biomass of the Makan plants was approximately 10-fold higher than that of the Podolsk ecotype. The plants of both ecotypes were sensitive to water deficit. They showed similar decrease in biomass, water content, net photosynthesis and transpiration intensity under both low and moderate osmotic stress (PEG). However, the content of сhlorophyll and free proline in shoots of the Podolsk plants increased under moderate osmotic stress (PEG(2)). Under salinity the differences between transpiration, F v/F m, WUE, water content, chlorophyll and proline concentrations in shoots of two ecotypes were no found. But, the Podolsk plants showed decrease in the growth parameters (1.5-fold), increase in the dark respiration intensity (2-fold) and the Na+/K+ ratio (1.2-fold) under moderate salinity (200 mM NaCl). Thus, the reduction of bioproductivity of the Podolsk ecotype under salinity was the result of ionic rather than osmotic factor of salinity. In the Podolsk plants the additional transpiration costs and consumption of assimilates (correspondingly) increased with the toxic sodium ion accumulation under salinity. This led to decrease in the growth parameters. Thus, two B. sedoides ecotypes have different adaptive strategies of tolerance to the ionic factor of salt stress at the level of the physiological processes associated with the dark CO2 gas exchange. Moreover, in less tolerant and productive Podolsk ecotype the increase in proline content in shoots characterized comparatively low adaptation to osmotic factor, and the increase in dark respiration and the Na+/K+ ratio pointed to relatively low resistance to ion factor of salinity as compared with the Makan ecotype. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Different responses of two ecotypes of C3–C4 xero-halophyte Bassia sedoides to osmotic and ionic factors of salt stress

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/different-responses-of-two-ecotypes-of-c3-c4-xero-halophyte-bassia-EeA0xCFcAl
Publisher
Pleiades Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Physiology; Plant Sciences
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1021443716030122
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The effects of low and moderate salinity (100 and 200 mM NaCl, respectively) and iso-osmotic stress generated by polyethylene glycol PEG (1) (–0.3 MPa) and PEG (2) (–0.6 MPa) on maximum quantum yield of photosystem II (PSII), growth, photosynthesis, transpiration, dark respiration, water use efficiency (WUE), water content, chlorophyll, proline, Na+ and K+ concentrations were investigated in shoots of two ecotypes С3–С4 xero-halophyte Bassia sedoides (Pall.) Aschers. Plants were grown from seeds of two Southern Urals populations (Makan and Podolsk) differing in their bioproductivity. Aboveground biomass of the Makan plants was approximately 10-fold higher than that of the Podolsk ecotype. The plants of both ecotypes were sensitive to water deficit. They showed similar decrease in biomass, water content, net photosynthesis and transpiration intensity under both low and moderate osmotic stress (PEG). However, the content of сhlorophyll and free proline in shoots of the Podolsk plants increased under moderate osmotic stress (PEG(2)). Under salinity the differences between transpiration, F v/F m, WUE, water content, chlorophyll and proline concentrations in shoots of two ecotypes were no found. But, the Podolsk plants showed decrease in the growth parameters (1.5-fold), increase in the dark respiration intensity (2-fold) and the Na+/K+ ratio (1.2-fold) under moderate salinity (200 mM NaCl). Thus, the reduction of bioproductivity of the Podolsk ecotype under salinity was the result of ionic rather than osmotic factor of salinity. In the Podolsk plants the additional transpiration costs and consumption of assimilates (correspondingly) increased with the toxic sodium ion accumulation under salinity. This led to decrease in the growth parameters. Thus, two B. sedoides ecotypes have different adaptive strategies of tolerance to the ionic factor of salt stress at the level of the physiological processes associated with the dark CO2 gas exchange. Moreover, in less tolerant and productive Podolsk ecotype the increase in proline content in shoots characterized comparatively low adaptation to osmotic factor, and the increase in dark respiration and the Na+/K+ ratio pointed to relatively low resistance to ion factor of salinity as compared with the Makan ecotype.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: May 13, 2016

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed
Create lists to
organize your research
Export lists, citations
Read DeepDyve articles
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off