Differences in the renal antifibrotic cGMP/cGKI-dependent signaling of serelaxin, zaprinast, and their combination

Differences in the renal antifibrotic cGMP/cGKI-dependent signaling of serelaxin, zaprinast, and... Renal fibrosis is an important factor for end-stage renal failure. However, only few therapeutic options for its treatment are established. Zaprinast, a phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitor, and serelaxin, the recombinant form of the naturally occurring hormone relaxin, are differently acting modulators of cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) signaling. Both agents enhance cGMP availability in kidney tissue. These substances alone or in combination might interfere with the development of kidney fibrosis. Therefore, we compared the effects of combination therapy with the effects of monotherapy on renal fibrosis. Renal fibrosis was induced by unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) for 7 days in wild-type (WT) and cGKI knockout (KO) mice. Renal antifibrotic effects were assessed after 7 days. In WT, zaprinast and the combination of zaprinast and serelaxin significantly reduced renal interstitial fibrosis assessed by α-SMA, fibronectin, collagen1A1, and gelatinases (MMP2 and MMP9). Intriguingly in cGKI-KO, mRNA and protein expression of fibronectin and collagen1A1 were reduced by zaprinast, in contrast to serelaxin. Gelatinases are not regulated by zaprinast. Although both substances showed similar antifibrotic properties in WT, they distinguished in their effect mechanisms. In contrast to serelaxin which acts both on Smad2 and Erk1, zaprinast did not significantly diminish Erk1/2 phosphorylation. Interestingly, the combination of serelaxin/zaprinast achieved no additive antifibrotic effects compared to the monotherapy. Due to antifibrotic effects of zaprinast in cGKI-KO, we hypothesize that additional cGKI-independent mechanisms are supposed for antifibrotic signaling of zaprinast. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology Springer Journals

Differences in the renal antifibrotic cGMP/cGKI-dependent signaling of serelaxin, zaprinast, and their combination

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/differences-in-the-renal-antifibrotic-cgmp-cgki-dependent-signaling-of-lTKID052fL
Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany
Subject
Biomedicine; Pharmacology/Toxicology; Neurosciences
ISSN
0028-1298
eISSN
1432-1912
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00210-017-1394-z
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial