Diaphragmatic paralysis in obese patients in arthroscopic shoulder surgery: consequences and causes

Diaphragmatic paralysis in obese patients in arthroscopic shoulder surgery: consequences and causes Purpose Ambulatory process in arthroscopic shoulder surgery has boomed over past decades. Some anesthetic techniques such as interscalene block (ISB) and its surrogates are associated with diaphragmatic paralysis and might compromise outpatient procedure. Hypothesis This study aims to assess consequences of diaphragmatic paralysis in obese patients. Methods This prospective observational study screened patients with body mass index (BMI) ≥ 30 kg/m undergoing acro- mioplasty or supraspinatus tendon repair. Surgery was performed using brachial plexus block, and the method of brachial plexus block was left at the discretion of attending anesthesiologists. Post-operative hemidiaphragmatic paralysis was evalu- ated using M-mode ultrasonography and its consequences on patient ventilation were assessed: occurrence of hypoxic episode defined as oxygen saturation less than 90% (by pulse oximeter) in room air, dyspnea and failure of ambulatory procedure. Causes of diaphragmatic paralysis were also analyzed. Results Ninety-one patients were screened, 82 patients were included in this study and 37 patients (45%) presented dia- phragmatic paralysis. Compared to patients without diaphragmatic paralysis, diaphragmatic paralysis was associated with dyspnea [10 (27%) versus 1 (2%); p = 0.0019], occurrence of patients presenting at least one hypoxic episode [6 (16%) versus 1 (2%); p = 0.02] and failure of ambulatory process [10 http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Anesthesia Springer Journals

Diaphragmatic paralysis in obese patients in arthroscopic shoulder surgery: consequences and causes

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Publisher
Springer Japan
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Japanese Society of Anesthesiologists
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Anesthesiology; Pain Medicine; Intensive / Critical Care Medicine; Emergency Medicine
ISSN
0913-8668
eISSN
1438-8359
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00540-018-2477-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose Ambulatory process in arthroscopic shoulder surgery has boomed over past decades. Some anesthetic techniques such as interscalene block (ISB) and its surrogates are associated with diaphragmatic paralysis and might compromise outpatient procedure. Hypothesis This study aims to assess consequences of diaphragmatic paralysis in obese patients. Methods This prospective observational study screened patients with body mass index (BMI) ≥ 30 kg/m undergoing acro- mioplasty or supraspinatus tendon repair. Surgery was performed using brachial plexus block, and the method of brachial plexus block was left at the discretion of attending anesthesiologists. Post-operative hemidiaphragmatic paralysis was evalu- ated using M-mode ultrasonography and its consequences on patient ventilation were assessed: occurrence of hypoxic episode defined as oxygen saturation less than 90% (by pulse oximeter) in room air, dyspnea and failure of ambulatory procedure. Causes of diaphragmatic paralysis were also analyzed. Results Ninety-one patients were screened, 82 patients were included in this study and 37 patients (45%) presented dia- phragmatic paralysis. Compared to patients without diaphragmatic paralysis, diaphragmatic paralysis was associated with dyspnea [10 (27%) versus 1 (2%); p = 0.0019], occurrence of patients presenting at least one hypoxic episode [6 (16%) versus 1 (2%); p = 0.02] and failure of ambulatory process [10

Journal

Journal of AnesthesiaSpringer Journals

Published: Mar 6, 2018

References

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