Objectives To develop and validate a dual-energy CT based nomogram for the preoperative prediction of lymph node metastasis (LNM) in patients with gastric cancer (GC). Methods A total of 210 surgically confirmed GC patients (159 males, 51 females; mean age: 59.8 ± 7.7 years, range: 28-79 years) who underwent spectral CT scans were retrospectively enrolled and split into a primary cohort (n = 140) and validation cohort (n = 70). Clinical information and follow-up data including overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were collect- ed. The iodine concentration (IC) of the primary tumors at the arterial phase (AP) and venous phase (VP) were measured and then normalized to the aorta (nICs). Univariate, multivariable logistic regression and Cox regression analyses were performed to screen predictive indicators for LNM and outcome. A nomogram for risk factors of LNM was developed, and its performance was measured using the ROC, accuracy and Harrell’s concordance index (C-index). Results Tumor thickness, Borrmann classification and ICVP were independent predictors of LNM. The nomogram was signif- icantly associated with LN status (p < 0.001). It yielded an AUC of 0.793 [95% confidence interval (95% CI), 0.678-0.908] and an accuracy of 0.757 (95% CI, 0.640-0.852) in the
European Radiology – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 4, 2018
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