Diagnosis of oscillating pressure-driven flow in a microdiffuser using micro-PIV

Diagnosis of oscillating pressure-driven flow in a microdiffuser using micro-PIV In this study, the characteristics of oscillating pressure-driven flow in a microdiffuser are examined by μPIV (micro Particle Image Velocimetry) diagnostics. Utilizing a cam-follower system, a dynamic pressure generator is built in-house to provide a time-varying sinusoidal pressure source. Three parameters are examined experimentally: the excitation frequency, the cam size, and the half-angle of the microdiffuser. Driven by oscillating pressure, we find that there exists an optimal half-angle such that maximum net flow is attained in the expansion direction. Contrarily to the prediction of hydraulics theory which only considers steady flow, flow in the microdiffuser of the optimal half-angle does not necessarily remain attached. Rather, maximum net flow can also occur in microdiffusers where vortices retain a slender shape. When vortex bubbles are slender, the μPIV results reveal that the core flow accelerates to a higher forward velocity during the first half of the cycle and flow rectification is actually enhanced. Due to the three-dimensional flow structure, fluid is drawn out of the vortices near the reattachment point to join the core flow and consequently magnifies the forward flow. As the half-angle increases, vortices become rounder and the core flow is drastically narrowed to reduce flow rectification. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Experiments in Fluids Springer Journals

Diagnosis of oscillating pressure-driven flow in a microdiffuser using micro-PIV

Loading next page...
Copyright © 2011 by Springer-Verlag
Engineering; Engineering Fluid Dynamics; Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer; Fluid- and Aerodynamics
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial