Diagnosis and Management of Congenital Sensorineural Hearing Loss

Diagnosis and Management of Congenital Sensorineural Hearing Loss Purpose of review Sensorineural hearing loss is the most common congenital sensory deficit, yet the etiology of up to one third of cases remains undetermined. The goal of this review is to outline current diagnosis and management practices in congenital sensorineural hearing loss. Recent findings Early screening programs have significantly increased the identification of at-risk infants and has allowed for early intervention. Thus, newborn screening is univer- sally advocated. It is important for practitioners to understand and recognize risk factors and possible causes of hearing loss in infants. Additionally, healthcare providers may provide prenatal and postnatal guidance as preventative measures. Summary Once a child with hearing loss is identified, practitioners must know how best to manage and counsel patients regarding hearing loss. As our understanding of congenital sensorineural hearing loss improves and new genetic discoveries are made, physicians must remain aware of the changes to standard testing algorithms. It is essential that we stay current on advents in massive parallel sequencing and new diagnostic imaging strategies. Finally, knowledge of early intervention programs, hearing amplification technology, and cochlear implantation recommendations is crucial to providing adequate care to our patients. Diagnosis and Management of Congenital Sensorineural Hearing Loss Kiyosaki and Chang http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Current Treatment Options in Pediatrics Springer Journals

Diagnosis and Management of Congenital Sensorineural Hearing Loss

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Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Pediatrics; General Practice / Family Medicine; Intensive / Critical Care Medicine; Maternal and Child Health
eISSN
2198-6088
D.O.I.
10.1007/s40746-018-0119-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose of review Sensorineural hearing loss is the most common congenital sensory deficit, yet the etiology of up to one third of cases remains undetermined. The goal of this review is to outline current diagnosis and management practices in congenital sensorineural hearing loss. Recent findings Early screening programs have significantly increased the identification of at-risk infants and has allowed for early intervention. Thus, newborn screening is univer- sally advocated. It is important for practitioners to understand and recognize risk factors and possible causes of hearing loss in infants. Additionally, healthcare providers may provide prenatal and postnatal guidance as preventative measures. Summary Once a child with hearing loss is identified, practitioners must know how best to manage and counsel patients regarding hearing loss. As our understanding of congenital sensorineural hearing loss improves and new genetic discoveries are made, physicians must remain aware of the changes to standard testing algorithms. It is essential that we stay current on advents in massive parallel sequencing and new diagnostic imaging strategies. Finally, knowledge of early intervention programs, hearing amplification technology, and cochlear implantation recommendations is crucial to providing adequate care to our patients. Diagnosis and Management of Congenital Sensorineural Hearing Loss Kiyosaki and Chang

Journal

Current Treatment Options in PediatricsSpringer Journals

Published: May 12, 2018

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