Echinoderm phagocytes are considered to be analogues to vertebrate macrophages. Previously, the phagocytes of some echinoderm species were divided into two fractions with unclearly identified functional properties. This study aims at modeling the immune response of two phagocyte fractions (P1 and P2) of the holothurian Eupentacta fraudatrix to the synthetic glucocorticoid hormone dexamethasone (Dex) in vitro and at comparison of the effects of such pretreatment on humoral cooperation of each phagocyte fraction with another type of immunocytes, morula cells. During 48-h incubation, Dex (0.1–100 μM) induced apoptosis in a direct (in the P1 fraction) or reverse (in the P2 fraction) concentration-dependent manner. In addition, 100 μM Dex differently affected the cytokin-like substance level in the P1 and P2 phagocyte fractions. Moreover, the supernatants of the Dex(100 μM)-pretreated phagocytes induced opposite changes in the IL-1-like substance level in morula cells. These results indicate a striking functional difference between the two phagocyte fractions. The data obtained provide a new insight into the evolution of macrophage response and into the prospects of the use of in vitro holothurian phagocyte model.
Russian Journal of Marine Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 5, 2016
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