Dexamethasone-related adrenal insufficiency in patients with brain and skull base tumours

Dexamethasone-related adrenal insufficiency in patients with brain and skull base tumours Purpose This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of glucocorticoid-induced adrenal insufficiency in a cohort of patients with brain and skull base tumours and to identify factors which may predict its occurrence. Methods Patients with brain or skull base tumours attending for a short synacthen test (SST) (adrenocorticotropin hormone (ACTH) stimulation test) at a single institution over a 3-year period were retrospectively identified. Baseline demographics and dexamethasone exposure were examined. Only patients with dexamethasone exposure were included in the final analysis looking at the primary end point of SST failure. Fisher’s exact test, Student’s t test, Mann-Whitney test and the Kendall’s tau-b test were used to evaluate the influence of age, gender, diagnosis and mean pituitary radiation dose on the primary endpoint. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were generated to explore the impact of duration and total exposure to dexamethasone on likelihood of SST failure. Results Thirty-one of 51 patients with previous dexamethasone exposure failed their first SST (61%). No significant relationship was demonstrated between age, gender, diagnosis or mean pituitary radiation dose and SST failure. Duration of and total exposure to dexamethasone were significantly associated with SST failure (p = 0.001 and p = 0.007, respectively). ROC curves http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Supportive Care in Cancer Springer Journals

Dexamethasone-related adrenal insufficiency in patients with brain and skull base tumours

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/dexamethasone-related-adrenal-insufficiency-in-patients-with-brain-and-FwRN7IN19e
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Oncology; Nursing; Nursing Research; Pain Medicine; Rehabilitation Medicine
ISSN
0941-4355
eISSN
1433-7339
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00520-018-4264-4
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of glucocorticoid-induced adrenal insufficiency in a cohort of patients with brain and skull base tumours and to identify factors which may predict its occurrence. Methods Patients with brain or skull base tumours attending for a short synacthen test (SST) (adrenocorticotropin hormone (ACTH) stimulation test) at a single institution over a 3-year period were retrospectively identified. Baseline demographics and dexamethasone exposure were examined. Only patients with dexamethasone exposure were included in the final analysis looking at the primary end point of SST failure. Fisher’s exact test, Student’s t test, Mann-Whitney test and the Kendall’s tau-b test were used to evaluate the influence of age, gender, diagnosis and mean pituitary radiation dose on the primary endpoint. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were generated to explore the impact of duration and total exposure to dexamethasone on likelihood of SST failure. Results Thirty-one of 51 patients with previous dexamethasone exposure failed their first SST (61%). No significant relationship was demonstrated between age, gender, diagnosis or mean pituitary radiation dose and SST failure. Duration of and total exposure to dexamethasone were significantly associated with SST failure (p = 0.001 and p = 0.007, respectively). ROC curves

Journal

Supportive Care in CancerSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 1, 2018

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off