The transcription factors VP1 (Viviparous-1), EmBP-1 (Em-binding protein 1) and OSBZ8, originally cloned and analysed in various monocot species, have been implicated in the regulation of the Lea (late embryogenesis-abundant) group 1 genes. We have investigated the modulation of the levels of these mRNAs in barley during embryogenesis, and in developing embryos subjected to various kinds of osmotic stress. The accumulation of mRNA for VP1 and EmBP-1 transcription factors, using cDNAs cloned from barley, starts at 10 and 15 days after anthesis, respectively, whereas Lea B19 mRNA levels are very low or undetectable until 25 days after anthesis during normal development. The EmBP-1 mRNA is predominantly induced in mannitol-stressed immature embryos. Vp1 mRNA was not significantly modulated by ABA, salt or mannitol. Inhibition of ABA biosynthesis by norflurazon showed that the induction of both Vp1 and EmBP-1 mRNAs was ABA-independent. In embryo-derived suspension-cultured cells, neither of the two transcripts would be induced by ABA or osmotic stress, although both OSBZ8 and one member of the Lea B19 family was up-regulated by ABA. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays using a Lea B19.1 probe with an ABRE (abscisic acid-responsive element) similar to that which binds EmBP-1 and OSBZ8 in the wheat and rice Em promoters show that the binding activity is increased by ABA and osmotic stress. Taken together, these data show that both VP1 and EmBP-1 are involved in embryo-specific signal transduction pathways, that they are differentially regulated at the mRNA level, and that EmBP-1 can be induced by osmotic stress independently of any increase in endogenous ABA. The difference in mRNA regulation patterns of OSBZ8 and EmBP-1 may suggest that they are involved in different signal transduction pathways in connection with osmotic stress/ABA regulation of Lea genes.
Plant Molecular Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 30, 2004
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera