Developmental Changes in the NAD Content in Sugar-Beet Root Mitochondria and Their Effect on the Oxidative Activity of These Organelles

Developmental Changes in the NAD Content in Sugar-Beet Root Mitochondria and Their Effect on the... The NAD content was determined in mitochondria isolated from sugar-beet roots at various stages of plant development. A high NAD content (7.6 ± 0.9 nmol/mg mitochondrial protein) was observed in the mitochondria of actively growing roots of 80–95-day-old plants, but it decreased ca. twofold by the end of the first year of plant development, before the roots were harvested for storage. The mitochondria isolated from roots stored at low temperature for two to three months and those after five to eight days of regrowth during the second year of plant development manifested an even lower NAD content (2.2 ± 0.4 and 2.0 ± 0.5 nmol/mg protein, respectively). A drastic decrease in the NAD content in mitochondria from stored roots did not result from the impairment of the inner membrane of these organelles and was evidently regulatory in its nature. The effect of developmental changes in the intramitochondrial NAD content on the malate oxidation pattern was studied. In the mitochondria of stored roots, the low NAD content limited the rate of malate oxidation in state 3, because the addition to the reaction mixture of exogenous NAD, which can be transported to the mitochondrial matrix, promoted malate oxidation by 30–50%. Rotenone inhibited malate oxidation in the stored-root mitochondria by more than 70%; in this case, the rate of rotenone-resistant malate oxidation in these organelles increased by several times in the presence of exogenous NAD. In the mitochondria of the growing root, exo-genous NAD did not affect the rate of malate oxidation, and rotenone inhibited it only by 25–35%. The analysis of the data obtained here and the published evidence suggests the existence of a universal mechanism of respiration control and the regulation of the functional activity of plant mitochondria. This mechanism acts through a change in the NAD content in the organelle matrix. This NAD can be used in the course of plant development, e.g., during the transition of sugar-beet-root cells in the dormant state, when the respiration rate must decline. Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Developmental Changes in the NAD Content in Sugar-Beet Root Mitochondria and Their Effect on the Oxidative Activity of These Organelles

Loading next page...
Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright © 2001 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial