Black root rot (BRR), a disease caused by the hemibiotrophic fungus Thielaviopsis basicola, seriously compromises yield and leaf quality in tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum). Full resistance to black root rot, conferred by the resistance to BRR 1 (RBRR1) locus from Nicotiana debneyi Domin, was transferred to a burley tobacco cultivar through interspecific hybridization. Some undesirable traits potentially caused by linkage drag restrict wider application of RBRR1 in flue-cured tobacco. Therefore, user-friendly molecular markers are needed to assist selection for resistance to black root rot and to break the unfavorable linkage. Genotyping by sequencing (GBS) is a rapid and robust approach for reduced representation sequencing of multiplexed genomic DNA samples that combines genome-wide molecular marker discovery with genotyping. In the present study, we used GBS to identify single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) linked to the RBRR1 locus, and PCR-based assays for detection of these SNPs were also developed. Sequence analysis of the SNP markers suggested that RBRR1 is located on chromosome 17, providing a basis for map-based cloning of this valuable gene. Co-dominant CAPS markers that co-segregate with the disease-resistant phenotype offer user-friendly tools for tobacco breeding and variety improvement. Furthermore, tested with diverse N. tabacum germplasm, SS192650 displayed 100% selection accuracy for resistance to BRR, suggesting that this marker can be used in diverse tobacco populations.
Molecular Breeding – Springer Journals
Published: May 28, 2018
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