Shoot pruning could cause short-term damages to vines. In response to damage, tyloses develop in shoot xylem vessels interfering free water and mineral transportation. In this study, the tylosis development at different nodes of the current-year and perennial shoots of sixty three-year-old grapevines (Vitis vinifera L.) after pruning was investigated. The results showed that tyloses at the nodes closest to the trunk developed rapidly; and tylosis development initiated at the time when the size of vessel-ray pit was greater than that of parenchyma cell-parenchyma cell pit. In current-year shoots, tyloses were formed in up to 87% of the vessels, and 40% of the vessels were completely blocked by tyloses. In wound-induced perennial shoots, 30% of the vessels were completely blocked by tyloses. When few vessels were blocked by tyloses, new vessels could differentiate, and water transportation system may be restored. However, when tyloses developed in a large number of vessels and the large number of the vessels were blocked, the original capability of water transport was decreased (the largest decrease was 21.1% in this study), resulting in dehiscence or shrinkage cracking in this area. The study proved that the tylosis formation in functional vessels limited the water transport efficiency.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 7, 2014
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