The diameter, length, and numerical density of capillaries, diameter of muscle fibers, size and numerical density of mitochondrial profiles, and relative volume of mitochondria in them were determined in the chicken red oxidative gastrocnemius and white glycolytic pectoral muscle during development from day 10 of embryogenesis to six month of postnatal life. The bulk blood flow was measured in these muscles by hydrogen clearance during postembryonic development. During embryogenesis, the fibers of gastrocnemius muscle develop and grow at a higher rate, while during postembryonic development, those of the pectoral muscle develop faster. The density of mitochondrial profiles increases during embryogenesis and decreases after hatching, while their mean size increases, especially in the oxidative fibers, but it somewhat decreases in 6-month old chicks. Redistribution of mitochondria across the fiber section during development takes place in both muscles: they are localized predominantly in the center in 18-day embryos and in the periphery, especially in the gastrocnemius fibers, in 6-month old chicks. At hatching, the length of capillaries is similar in both muscles, but as chicks grow, the proportion of longer (more than 600 µm) capillaries in the pectoral muscle sharply increases, while their density and bulk blood flow decrease. Ratios were determined between structural parameters of the capillary bed and mitochondria, on the one hand, and oxygen consumption (ml/min per 1 mm fiber and 100 g muscle mass), on the other.
Russian Journal of Developmental Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Apr 27, 2005
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