Development of Room-Temperature Ferromagnetism in Nanocomposite CdO Codoped with Al and Gd: Treatment in Hydrogen Atmosphere

Development of Room-Temperature Ferromagnetism in Nanocomposite CdO Codoped with Al and Gd:... Cadmium oxide codoped with Al and Gd ion powders was synthesised by thermal codecomposition of a mixture of complexes of cadmium acetate dihydrate, gadolinium acetate hydrate, and aluminum nitrate nonahydrate. The mass ratio of Al/Cd was fixed while the mass ratio of Gd/Cd varied systematically. The purpose of the present study is to synthesise and study the transparent conducting oxide (TCO) CdO powder having room-temperature ferromagnetic (RT-FM) properties. To realize that purpose, the synthesised Al/Gd-codoped CdO powder was annealed under hydrogen gas with certain conditions. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) method confirmed the formation of a single nanocrystalline structure; thus, both Al/Gd ions were incorporated into CdO lattice forming solid solutions. Magnetic measurements revealed that some of the doped CdO powders gained paramagnetic (PM) properties where the susceptibility increases with increasing dopant Gd content; the 3+ measured effective magnetic moment of dopant Gd was around 8 μ . Furthermore, the magnetic energy of the created RT- FM of the codoped CdO samples by hydrogenation was found to be dependent on the Gd% doping level. For hydrogenated CdO powder doped with 3% Gd, the coercivity (H ) was 195.9 Oe, the remanence (M ) was 0.77 memu/g, the saturation c r http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism Springer Journals

Development of Room-Temperature Ferromagnetism in Nanocomposite CdO Codoped with Al and Gd: Treatment in Hydrogen Atmosphere

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Physics; Strongly Correlated Systems, Superconductivity; Magnetism, Magnetic Materials; Condensed Matter Physics; Characterization and Evaluation of Materials
ISSN
1557-1939
eISSN
1557-1947
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10948-018-4755-z
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Cadmium oxide codoped with Al and Gd ion powders was synthesised by thermal codecomposition of a mixture of complexes of cadmium acetate dihydrate, gadolinium acetate hydrate, and aluminum nitrate nonahydrate. The mass ratio of Al/Cd was fixed while the mass ratio of Gd/Cd varied systematically. The purpose of the present study is to synthesise and study the transparent conducting oxide (TCO) CdO powder having room-temperature ferromagnetic (RT-FM) properties. To realize that purpose, the synthesised Al/Gd-codoped CdO powder was annealed under hydrogen gas with certain conditions. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) method confirmed the formation of a single nanocrystalline structure; thus, both Al/Gd ions were incorporated into CdO lattice forming solid solutions. Magnetic measurements revealed that some of the doped CdO powders gained paramagnetic (PM) properties where the susceptibility increases with increasing dopant Gd content; the 3+ measured effective magnetic moment of dopant Gd was around 8 μ . Furthermore, the magnetic energy of the created RT- FM of the codoped CdO samples by hydrogenation was found to be dependent on the Gd% doping level. For hydrogenated CdO powder doped with 3% Gd, the coercivity (H ) was 195.9 Oe, the remanence (M ) was 0.77 memu/g, the saturation c r

Journal

Journal of Superconductivity and Novel MagnetismSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 2, 2018

References

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