We developed a simple add-on, cryogen-free, and low-power consumption calibrator for a new transition-edge sensor (TES) bolometer camera mounted on the ASTE 10-m telescope. To measure the responsivity of the TES bolometers and accurately correct for the nonlinearity and atmospheric extinction, we designed a motor-driven rotating filter wheel system installed in front of the cryostat window. This calibrator is required to cover the loading power under various atmospheric conditions, which corresponds to precipitable water vapor (PWV) of 0.5–4 mm. For this range of PWV, 25–100 K blackbodies are necessary for the observing bands of 1.1 and 0.85 mm. To simulate the temperature range, bolometers in the cryostat are also optically coupled to the low-temperature stage ( $$<4$$ < 4 K) inside the cryostat by spherical mirrors. In addition, we used moderately absorptive polystyrene plates that are placed between a spherical mirror and the cryostat window. Various combinations of filters result in eight different temperatures by the filter wheel system and simulate the atmospheric emission under various weather conditions at the ASTE site.
Journal of Low Temperature Physics – Springer Journals
Published: May 30, 2018
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