Development of environmental DNA (eDNA) methods for detecting high-risk freshwater fishes in live trade in Canada

Development of environmental DNA (eDNA) methods for detecting high-risk freshwater fishes in live... Preventing the arrival, establishment, and spread of aquatic invasive species is an important step in protecting our aquatic environments. The use of detection tools, like DNA barcoding technologies, high-throughput sequencing and environmental DNA (eDNA) monitoring, is becoming increasingly important in preventing the introduction of potential invasive species. The combination of eDNA with realtime PCR (qPCR) provide the opportunity to have a rapid and specific detection. In this study, we developed a DNA sequence library that has sufficient depth and species coverage such that high-risk species can be confidently discriminated from legitimately imported and native species. A total of 12 species-specific qPCR assays were developed for the detection of 13 potential invasive species (pAIS) in bulk water samples. Detection of these species was also compared with a HTS approach. We have demonstrated the high sensitivity of qPCR assays using eDNA at very low densities, suggesting we could detect a low number of individuals mixed with non-target species in a simulated live shipment. For the detection of a targeted list of species, qPCR is advantageous. The mini-barcodes developed in this project offered a good sensitivity of detection, and HTS is a discovery tool that can be desirable when unlisted or numerous species need to be identified. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Biological Invasions Springer Journals

Development of environmental DNA (eDNA) methods for detecting high-risk freshwater fishes in live trade in Canada

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Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer International Publishing AG
Subject
Life Sciences; Ecology; Freshwater & Marine Ecology; Plant Sciences; Developmental Biology
ISSN
1387-3547
eISSN
1573-1464
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10530-017-1532-z
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Preventing the arrival, establishment, and spread of aquatic invasive species is an important step in protecting our aquatic environments. The use of detection tools, like DNA barcoding technologies, high-throughput sequencing and environmental DNA (eDNA) monitoring, is becoming increasingly important in preventing the introduction of potential invasive species. The combination of eDNA with realtime PCR (qPCR) provide the opportunity to have a rapid and specific detection. In this study, we developed a DNA sequence library that has sufficient depth and species coverage such that high-risk species can be confidently discriminated from legitimately imported and native species. A total of 12 species-specific qPCR assays were developed for the detection of 13 potential invasive species (pAIS) in bulk water samples. Detection of these species was also compared with a HTS approach. We have demonstrated the high sensitivity of qPCR assays using eDNA at very low densities, suggesting we could detect a low number of individuals mixed with non-target species in a simulated live shipment. For the detection of a targeted list of species, qPCR is advantageous. The mini-barcodes developed in this project offered a good sensitivity of detection, and HTS is a discovery tool that can be desirable when unlisted or numerous species need to be identified.

Journal

Biological InvasionsSpringer Journals

Published: Aug 4, 2017

References

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