DEVELOPMENT OF EFFECTIVE REFRACTORIES
FOR METALLURGY AND THE GLASS INDUSTRY
V. P. Migal’,
V. N. Ivanov,
S. I. Gershkovich,
V. V. Skurikhin,
and A. P. Margishvili
Translated from Novye Ogneupory, No. 8, pp. 26 – 31, August, 2010.
Original article submitted April 29, 2010.
Concrete examples of new technological and engineering designs of effective refractory materials for use in
metallurgy and the glass industry are presented. It is shown that the OAL Borovich Refractory Combine has
expanded the degree of diversification of its production activity not only through the development of new
types of products, but also through the startup and operation of services that are new for the enterprise, such as
engineering and bench pre-assembly of the bottom and other elements of glass making furnaces.
Keywords: diversification, new types of products, engineering.
For the OAO Borovich Refractory Combine, 2009 was
one of the most difficult in its recent history. A critical situa-
tion that affected the basic consumers of refractory materials,
in the metallurgical, cement, and glass making branches of
industry lead to a reduction in the volumes of demand for
refractories, and a decrease in the world price for petroleum
led objectively to a decrease in the consumption of propants.
The advantages of the two strategic directions for the devel-
opment of the enterprise that had previously been decided on
diversification and quality became fully apparent .
Because of the high degree of quality of the output pro
duced by the plant, the market and sphere of application of
the traditionally fabricated output has expanded, there has
been no drop in the volume of production, and highly skilled
personnel have been retained. The principal advances
achieved in the operation of the OAO Borovich Refractory
Combine as regards increasing the quality of the output have
been marked by the awarding of a number of certificates .
The OAO Borovich Refractory Combine is a city-form
ing enterprise, hence to maintain a stable socioeconomic en
vironment the management of the combine has never re
sorted to a sharp reduction in production, and besides ex
panding the product mix and the adoption of new types of
products, the management has focused on increasing produc
tion efficiency, achieving economic gains, and avoiding
bankruptcy. As the enterprise has developed, the accumula
tion of diversification capital at the OAO Borovich Refrac-
tory Combine has changed in form. The evolution of the di-
versification of the product manufactured at the OAO
Borovich Refractory Combine, is presented in Table 1.
The Borovich Combine produces refractories for all the
different divisions of the ferrous metallurgy industry, includ-
ing aluminosilicate articles for the brickwork of coke ovens
and blast furnaces, Cowper hot-blast stoves, hot-metal trans-
fer and casting ladles, mixer cars (including those for mixer
cars used for articles to which silicon carbide has been
added), regenerators of open-hearth furnaces, the bridges of
electric-arc, steel melting furnaces, corundum-graphite arti
cles for use in continuous casting of steel, and articles for
rolling. Moreover, the products fabricated by the OAO
Borovich Refractory Combine are purchased by enterprises
in the ferrous metallurgy, machine-building, construction
materials and chemical industries as well as by power plants
and other industries. The production of periclase-carbon arti
cles for converters and the walls of electric-arc steel melting
furnaces, and of periclase- and corundum-periclase-carbon
articles for casting ladles and assemblies of furnace ladles for
electric-arc steel and converter production is carried out in
China at a joint enterprise . The production of heat-resis
tant periclase-spinel articles for the lining of the sintering
zone of rotating furnaces in the cement industry and
reuseable corundum-carbon plates for the slide gates of cast
ing ladles was halted in 2008 for economic reasons.
The OAO Borovich Refractory Combine has its own sci
entific research subdivision, the Center for the Improvement
of Technologies and Output, focused on the renovation and
expansion of the product mix at the Plant. It is generally rec
Refractories and Industrial Ceramics Vol. 51, No. 4, 2010
1083-4877/10/5104-0256 © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.
From the proceedings of the International Conference of Metal
lurgists and Refractory Workers (April 22 – 23, 2010, Moscow).
OAO Borovich Refractory Combine, Borovich, Novgorod Re