Development of dye-sensitized solar cells based on visible-light-responsive TiO2 thin films with a unique columnar structure

Development of dye-sensitized solar cells based on visible-light-responsive TiO2 thin films with... A visible-light-responsive TiO2 thin film (Vis-TiO2), possessing a unique columnar structure oriented perpendicular to the substrate, has been prepared by using a radio-frequency magnetron sputtering deposition method. The unique TiO2 thin film was used as a key component of N719 dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). The rough morphology caused by the columnar structure leads to enhanced photovoltaic performances of these DSSCs as a consequence of increased amounts of adsorbed dyes and facilitated diffusion of the electrolyte into Vis-TiO2 film. Additionally, photovoltaic performances of the DSSCs were found to depend strongly on the thickness of the Vis-TiO2 film, which can be readily controlled by adjusting the sputtering time conducted for deposition. Consequently, a solar-to-electric energy conversion efficiency of 2.6 % under AM 1.5 illumination was observed for an optimally performing DSSC that has a Vis-TiO2 film thickness of 6.9 μm, prepared by employing a sputtering time of 700 min. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Research on Chemical Intermediates Springer Journals

Development of dye-sensitized solar cells based on visible-light-responsive TiO2 thin films with a unique columnar structure

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Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © 2012 by Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Subject
Chemistry; Catalysis; Physical Chemistry; Inorganic Chemistry
ISSN
0922-6168
eISSN
1568-5675
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11164-012-0659-x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

A visible-light-responsive TiO2 thin film (Vis-TiO2), possessing a unique columnar structure oriented perpendicular to the substrate, has been prepared by using a radio-frequency magnetron sputtering deposition method. The unique TiO2 thin film was used as a key component of N719 dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). The rough morphology caused by the columnar structure leads to enhanced photovoltaic performances of these DSSCs as a consequence of increased amounts of adsorbed dyes and facilitated diffusion of the electrolyte into Vis-TiO2 film. Additionally, photovoltaic performances of the DSSCs were found to depend strongly on the thickness of the Vis-TiO2 film, which can be readily controlled by adjusting the sputtering time conducted for deposition. Consequently, a solar-to-electric energy conversion efficiency of 2.6 % under AM 1.5 illumination was observed for an optimally performing DSSC that has a Vis-TiO2 film thickness of 6.9 μm, prepared by employing a sputtering time of 700 min.

Journal

Research on Chemical IntermediatesSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 20, 2012

References

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