This paper describes the application of a two-beam X-ray computed tomography (CT) system to multiphase (gas–oil–water) flow measurement. Two high-voltage (160 keV) X-ray sources are used to penetrate a 4-in. (101.6 mm ID) pipeline. A rotating filter wheel mechanism is employed to alternately “harden” and “soften” the X-ray spectra to provide discrimination between the three phases. Because this system offers only two projections, conventional back-projection algorithms are ineffective and thus a new reconstruction technique has been developed. A matrix equation is formed, to which additional “smoothing equations” are added to compensate for the lack of projection data. The tomographic result is obtained by computing an inverse matrix. This is a one-off computation and the inverse is stored for repeated use; reconstructed images from synthesized data demonstrate the effectiveness of this technique. Three-phase tomographic images of a horizontal slug flow are presented, which clearly show the mixing of oil and water layers within the slug body. The relevance of this work to the offshore oil and gas industry is summarized.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 24, 2005
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