Stationary and non-stationary grid-generated turbulence was studied using a complementary technique that combines empirical mode decomposition (EMD) and triple-decomposition. Non-stationary conditions were generated by superimposing periodic and random fluctuations on the original flow. Empirical mode decomposition (EMD) was applied as a filter to separate these fluctuations from the turbulent velocity component. Triple-decomposition was then used and the turbulent intensity, the integral length scales and the Power Spectral Density of the velocity were determined. How to use EMD in order to optimize this decomposition is discussed. Finally, the properties of the turbulence are compared to those characterized without addition of fluctuations and a good agreement is found.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 8, 2010
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