We propose a new method for the evaluation of the velocities of surface currents according to the data of measurements carried out by using high-frequency land-based radars. The method is based on the representation of the velocity fields via two scalar potentials, expansion of these potentials in series in basis functions, and determination of the coefficients of expansion according to the data of radar measurements as solutions of the corresponding variational problems. The errors of the procedure of determination of the coefficients of expansion are removed by using a special regularization procedure based on information theory. The proposed method enables one to fill gaps in the space and time series of radar measurements. We illustrate the method by an example of numerical analysis of mesoscale and submesoscale (10–50 km) surface currents in the Monterey Bay (California, USA) performed on the basis of the data of radar measurements carried out in August 1994.
Physical Oceanography – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 10, 2005
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